A mild salinity stress (eustress) may modulate the induction of the plant defense system in horticultural crops and the synthesis of phytochemical components able to enhance plant resilience, post-harvest performance, and the nutraceutical quality of produce. However, the choice of the correct eustress type and dose to induce the synthesis of these protective phytochemicals is pivotal to avoid potential interference with plant growth and productivity. In order to study how green and red lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) plants equilibrate the nutritional and nutraceutical components of quality with yield components, we applied iso-osmotic concentrations of three different salts (20 mM NaCl, 20 mM KCl, and 13.3 mM CaCl2, with a final total ionic concentration of 40 mM) in combination with two successive harvests in a floating raft system. The biometric parameters, mineral composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activity of both cultivars were analyzed. The green cultivar had a superior response concerning biometric traits and productivity compared to the red one during the first cut but lower phytochemical content (e.g., ascorbic acid). The effect of cut order, independently of cultivar and salinity treatments, demonstrated that at the first harvest plants could redirect metabolism by increasing the lipophilic antioxidant content (LAA) at the expense of plant yield, therefore increasing plant resilience and post-harvest nutraceutical quality; whereas, at the second harvest, plants reverted principally to tissue expansion. The treatments with iso-osmotic salt concentrations did not affect K and Mg ion contents but further increased LAA and resulted only in a moderate decrease of fresh yield. The lettuce nitrate content was reduced during the second cut only when lettuce plants were treated with NaCl and especially CaCl2 .

Regulated salinity eustress in a floating hydroponic module of sequentially harvested lettuce modulates phytochemical constitution, plant resilience, and post-harvest nutraceutical quality / Carillo, P.; Soteriou, G. A.; Kyriacou, M. C.; Giordano, M.; Raimondi, G.; Napolitano, F.; Di Stasio, E.; Di Mola, I.; Mori, M.; Rouphael, Y.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 11:6(2021), p. 1040. [10.3390/agronomy11061040]

Regulated salinity eustress in a floating hydroponic module of sequentially harvested lettuce modulates phytochemical constitution, plant resilience, and post-harvest nutraceutical quality

Giordano M.;Raimondi G.;Di Stasio E.;Di Mola I.;Mori M.;Rouphael Y.
2021

Abstract

A mild salinity stress (eustress) may modulate the induction of the plant defense system in horticultural crops and the synthesis of phytochemical components able to enhance plant resilience, post-harvest performance, and the nutraceutical quality of produce. However, the choice of the correct eustress type and dose to induce the synthesis of these protective phytochemicals is pivotal to avoid potential interference with plant growth and productivity. In order to study how green and red lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) plants equilibrate the nutritional and nutraceutical components of quality with yield components, we applied iso-osmotic concentrations of three different salts (20 mM NaCl, 20 mM KCl, and 13.3 mM CaCl2, with a final total ionic concentration of 40 mM) in combination with two successive harvests in a floating raft system. The biometric parameters, mineral composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activity of both cultivars were analyzed. The green cultivar had a superior response concerning biometric traits and productivity compared to the red one during the first cut but lower phytochemical content (e.g., ascorbic acid). The effect of cut order, independently of cultivar and salinity treatments, demonstrated that at the first harvest plants could redirect metabolism by increasing the lipophilic antioxidant content (LAA) at the expense of plant yield, therefore increasing plant resilience and post-harvest nutraceutical quality; whereas, at the second harvest, plants reverted principally to tissue expansion. The treatments with iso-osmotic salt concentrations did not affect K and Mg ion contents but further increased LAA and resulted only in a moderate decrease of fresh yield. The lettuce nitrate content was reduced during the second cut only when lettuce plants were treated with NaCl and especially CaCl2 .
2021
Regulated salinity eustress in a floating hydroponic module of sequentially harvested lettuce modulates phytochemical constitution, plant resilience, and post-harvest nutraceutical quality / Carillo, P.; Soteriou, G. A.; Kyriacou, M. C.; Giordano, M.; Raimondi, G.; Napolitano, F.; Di Stasio, E.; Di Mola, I.; Mori, M.; Rouphael, Y.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 11:6(2021), p. 1040. [10.3390/agronomy11061040]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/853381
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