Accumulating evidence suggests that modifications of gut function and microbiota composition might play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of several cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure (HF). In this study we systematically analysed gut microbiota composition, intestinal barrier integrity, intestinal and serum cytokines and serum endotoxin levels in C57BL/6 mice undergoing pressure overload by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) for 1 and 4 weeks. Compared to sham-operated animals, TAC induced prompt and strong weakening of intestinal barrier integrity, long-lasting decrease of colon anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, significant increases of serum levels of bacterial lipopolysaccharide and proinflammatory cytokines. TAC also exerted effects on microbiota composition, inducing significant differences in bacterial genera inside Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and TM7 phyla as shown by 16S rDNA sequencing of fecal samples from TAC or sham mice. These results suggest that gut modifications represent an important element to be considered in the development and progression of cardiac dysfunction in response to TAC and support this animal model as a valuable tool to establish the role and mechanisms of gut-heart crosstalk in HF. Evidence arising in this field might identify new treatment options targeting gut integrity and microbiota components to face adverse cardiac events.

Transverse aortic constriction induces gut barrier alterations, microbiota remodeling and systemic inflammation [*Boccella N., Paolillo R. and Coretti L. co-first authors] / Boccella, N.; Paolillo, R.; Coretti, L.; D'Apice, S.; Lama, A.; Giugliano, G.; Schiattarella, G. G.; Cuomo, M.; D'Aquino, I.; Cavaliere, G.; Paciello, O.; Mollica, M. P.; Mattace Raso, G.; Esposito, G.; Lembo, F.; Perrino, C.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 7404. [10.1038/s41598-021-86651-y]

Transverse aortic constriction induces gut barrier alterations, microbiota remodeling and systemic inflammation [*Boccella N., Paolillo R. and Coretti L. co-first authors]

Boccella N.
Co-primo
;
Paolillo R.
Co-primo
;
Coretti L.
Co-primo
;
D'Apice S.;Lama A.;Giugliano G.;Schiattarella G. G.;Cuomo M.;d'Aquino I.;Cavaliere G.;Paciello O.;Mollica M. P.;Mattace Raso G.;Esposito G.;Lembo F.
;
Perrino C.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that modifications of gut function and microbiota composition might play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of several cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure (HF). In this study we systematically analysed gut microbiota composition, intestinal barrier integrity, intestinal and serum cytokines and serum endotoxin levels in C57BL/6 mice undergoing pressure overload by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) for 1 and 4 weeks. Compared to sham-operated animals, TAC induced prompt and strong weakening of intestinal barrier integrity, long-lasting decrease of colon anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, significant increases of serum levels of bacterial lipopolysaccharide and proinflammatory cytokines. TAC also exerted effects on microbiota composition, inducing significant differences in bacterial genera inside Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and TM7 phyla as shown by 16S rDNA sequencing of fecal samples from TAC or sham mice. These results suggest that gut modifications represent an important element to be considered in the development and progression of cardiac dysfunction in response to TAC and support this animal model as a valuable tool to establish the role and mechanisms of gut-heart crosstalk in HF. Evidence arising in this field might identify new treatment options targeting gut integrity and microbiota components to face adverse cardiac events.
2021
Transverse aortic constriction induces gut barrier alterations, microbiota remodeling and systemic inflammation [*Boccella N., Paolillo R. and Coretti L. co-first authors] / Boccella, N.; Paolillo, R.; Coretti, L.; D'Apice, S.; Lama, A.; Giugliano, G.; Schiattarella, G. G.; Cuomo, M.; D'Aquino, I.; Cavaliere, G.; Paciello, O.; Mollica, M. P.; Mattace Raso, G.; Esposito, G.; Lembo, F.; Perrino, C.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), p. 7404. [10.1038/s41598-021-86651-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/851868
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