Background: A wide range of cystic fibrosis (CF)-related conditions are reported in CF carriers, but no study has explored the possibility that such subjects may be affected by cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-related disorders (CFTR-RD). No data are available so far on the occurrence of CFTR-RD among CF carriers. Methods: We studied 706 CF carriers-first- and second-degree relatives of CF patients that carried the parental mutation; such subjects were divided in two groups: a first group (353 subjects, group A) performed at first only the analysis of the CFTR proband mutation; we retrospectively evaluated the number of cases that had been diagnosed as CFTR-RD based on subsequent symptoms; a second group (353 subjects, group B) performed extensive CFTR molecular analysis in absence of any reported symptoms, followed by a clinical evaluation in cases that carry a second CFTR mutation; we evaluated the number of cases that prospectively were diagnosed as CFTR-RD. Results: We found seven (2.0%) out of 353 subjects of group A and 24 (6.8%) out of 353 subjects of group B as affected by CFTR-RD (chi square, p = 0.002). Conclusions: A percentage of CF carriers are affected by undiagnosed CFTR-RD. Genetic tasting scanning analysis helps to identify CFTR-RD, some of which may benefit from follow-up and specific therapies improving their outcome.

Extensive CFTR Gene Analysis Revealed a Higher Occurrence of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator-Related Disorders (CFTR-RD) among CF Carriers

Aveta, Achille;Comegna, Marika;Cernera, Gustavo;Iacotucci, Paola;Carnovale, Vincenzo;Castaldo, Giuseppe
2020

Abstract

Background: A wide range of cystic fibrosis (CF)-related conditions are reported in CF carriers, but no study has explored the possibility that such subjects may be affected by cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-related disorders (CFTR-RD). No data are available so far on the occurrence of CFTR-RD among CF carriers. Methods: We studied 706 CF carriers-first- and second-degree relatives of CF patients that carried the parental mutation; such subjects were divided in two groups: a first group (353 subjects, group A) performed at first only the analysis of the CFTR proband mutation; we retrospectively evaluated the number of cases that had been diagnosed as CFTR-RD based on subsequent symptoms; a second group (353 subjects, group B) performed extensive CFTR molecular analysis in absence of any reported symptoms, followed by a clinical evaluation in cases that carry a second CFTR mutation; we evaluated the number of cases that prospectively were diagnosed as CFTR-RD. Results: We found seven (2.0%) out of 353 subjects of group A and 24 (6.8%) out of 353 subjects of group B as affected by CFTR-RD (chi square, p = 0.002). Conclusions: A percentage of CF carriers are affected by undiagnosed CFTR-RD. Genetic tasting scanning analysis helps to identify CFTR-RD, some of which may benefit from follow-up and specific therapies improving their outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/839866
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