Protoparvovirus is a monophyletic viral genus that includes the species Carnivore protoparvovirus-1 infecting domestic and wild carnivores. In this paper, the results of an epidemiological survey for Carnivore protoparvovirus-1 in wild carnivores in Italy are reported. Overall, 34 (11.4%) out of 297 tested animals were positive for Carnivore protoparvovirus-1, but the frequency of detection was much higher in intestine (54%) than in spleen samples (2.8%), thus suggesting that the intestine is the best sample to collect from wild animals for parvovirus detection. Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) was detected in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) (2.8%, 7/252) and Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) (10%, 1/10), whilst canine parvovirus (CPV) was found in wolves (54.3%, 19/35), Eurasian badgers (60%, 6/10) and one beech marten (Martes foina) (100%, 1/1), with more than one parvovirus type detected in some animals. Protoparvoviral DNA sequences from this study were found to be related to CPV/FPV strains detected in Asia and Europe, displaying some amino acid changes in the main capsid protein VP2 in comparison with other parvovirus strains from wildlife. In particular, the two most common mutations were Ile418Thr and Ala371Gly, which were observed in 6/12 (50%) and 5/12 (41.7%) of the CPV sequences from this study. Continuous surveillance for parvoviruses in wild carnivores and genetic analysis of the detected strains may help obtain new insight into the role of these animals in the evolution and epidemiology of carnivore parvoviruses.

Circulation of diverse protoparvoviruses in wild carnivores, Italy / Ndiana, La; Lanave, G; Desario, C; Berjaoui, S; Alfano, F; Puglia, I; Fusco, G; Colaianni, Ml; Vincifori, G; Camarda, A; Parisi, A; Sgroi, G; Elia, G; Veneziano, V; Buonavoglia, C; Decaro, N.. - In: TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. - ISSN 1865-1674. - 68:4(2021), pp. 2489-2502. [10.1111/tbed.13917]

Circulation of diverse protoparvoviruses in wild carnivores, Italy

Alfano F;Puglia I;Sgroi G;Veneziano V
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Buonavoglia C;Decaro N.
2021

Abstract

Protoparvovirus is a monophyletic viral genus that includes the species Carnivore protoparvovirus-1 infecting domestic and wild carnivores. In this paper, the results of an epidemiological survey for Carnivore protoparvovirus-1 in wild carnivores in Italy are reported. Overall, 34 (11.4%) out of 297 tested animals were positive for Carnivore protoparvovirus-1, but the frequency of detection was much higher in intestine (54%) than in spleen samples (2.8%), thus suggesting that the intestine is the best sample to collect from wild animals for parvovirus detection. Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) was detected in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) (2.8%, 7/252) and Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) (10%, 1/10), whilst canine parvovirus (CPV) was found in wolves (54.3%, 19/35), Eurasian badgers (60%, 6/10) and one beech marten (Martes foina) (100%, 1/1), with more than one parvovirus type detected in some animals. Protoparvoviral DNA sequences from this study were found to be related to CPV/FPV strains detected in Asia and Europe, displaying some amino acid changes in the main capsid protein VP2 in comparison with other parvovirus strains from wildlife. In particular, the two most common mutations were Ile418Thr and Ala371Gly, which were observed in 6/12 (50%) and 5/12 (41.7%) of the CPV sequences from this study. Continuous surveillance for parvoviruses in wild carnivores and genetic analysis of the detected strains may help obtain new insight into the role of these animals in the evolution and epidemiology of carnivore parvoviruses.
2021
Circulation of diverse protoparvoviruses in wild carnivores, Italy / Ndiana, La; Lanave, G; Desario, C; Berjaoui, S; Alfano, F; Puglia, I; Fusco, G; Colaianni, Ml; Vincifori, G; Camarda, A; Parisi, A; Sgroi, G; Elia, G; Veneziano, V; Buonavoglia, C; Decaro, N.. - In: TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. - ISSN 1865-1674. - 68:4(2021), pp. 2489-2502. [10.1111/tbed.13917]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/837774
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