The intestine is a highly heterogeneous hollow organ with biological, mechanical and chemical differences between lumen and wall. A functional human intestine model able to recreate the in vivo dynamic nature as well as the native tissue morphology is demanded for disease research and ​drug discovery. Here, we present a system, which combines an engineered three-dimensional (3D) tubular-shaped intestine model (3D In-tube) with a custom-made microbioreactor to impart the key aspects of the in vivo microenvironment of the human intestine, mimicking the rhythmic peristaltic movement. We adapted a previously established bottom-up tissue engineering approach, to produce the 3D tubular-shaped lamina propria and designed a glass microbioreactor to induce the air–liquid interface ​condition and peristaltic-like motion. Our results demonstrate the production of a villi-like protrusion and a correct spatial differentiation of the intestinal epithelial cells in enterocyte-like as well as mucus-producing-like cells on the lumen side of the 3D In-tube. This dynamic platform offers a proof-of-concept model of the human intestine.

Effect of peristaltic-like movement on bioengineered intestinal tube

Sibilio S.;De Gregorio V.;Urciuolo F.;Netti P. A.;
2019

Abstract

The intestine is a highly heterogeneous hollow organ with biological, mechanical and chemical differences between lumen and wall. A functional human intestine model able to recreate the in vivo dynamic nature as well as the native tissue morphology is demanded for disease research and ​drug discovery. Here, we present a system, which combines an engineered three-dimensional (3D) tubular-shaped intestine model (3D In-tube) with a custom-made microbioreactor to impart the key aspects of the in vivo microenvironment of the human intestine, mimicking the rhythmic peristaltic movement. We adapted a previously established bottom-up tissue engineering approach, to produce the 3D tubular-shaped lamina propria and designed a glass microbioreactor to induce the air–liquid interface ​condition and peristaltic-like motion. Our results demonstrate the production of a villi-like protrusion and a correct spatial differentiation of the intestinal epithelial cells in enterocyte-like as well as mucus-producing-like cells on the lumen side of the 3D In-tube. This dynamic platform offers a proof-of-concept model of the human intestine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/835547
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