Concern about health effect of Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) has led to an increasing global attention about their concentration levels in the environment. Soil geochemistry has been widely used as a tool for environment monitoring. This study investigates topsoil geochemistry of Campania region (Southern Italy) and (i) allows a reliable overview of the PTEs (As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Tl, V and Zn) concentration in soils, (ii) enable the investigation of the main factors governing PTEs geochemical variation on a regional scale. Over 7300 topsoil samples were collected from the survey area, which occupies an area of about 13.600 km2. Samples were analyzed for pseudo-total content of 53 elements (major and trace elements) by ICP-MS after aqua regia digestion. Data analysis was performed taking into account both raw data and their compositional nature as a tool for the PTEs environmental evaluation and origin investigation. As, Be, Cu, Pb, Sn, Tl, V and Zn in soils of Campania region show higher median concentration levels than Italian and European ones. In addition, all PTEs exceed the residential/ recreational intervention limit (CSCA) set by Italian legislation. The variation structure of compositional data had been visualized using compositional (clr) biplots and displaying the individual sample observations according to their parent rock. Clr-biplot analysis allowed us to recognize geochemical processes controlling most of soil chemical signatures. Multivariate analysis has been performed and three principal components were determined. PC1 is controlled by enrichment of elements deriving from dominant parent rocks of the area (siliciclastics and volcanoclastics). On the other hand, PC1 reveals the presence of an elemental association dominated by Na, K, U, Th, Zr, Ti, Tl and Be (clr variables), which are pathfinder element of soils developed from volcanic parent material. The second (PC2) component well discriminates the geochemical mobility of the elements in soils. The third (PC3) component reveal the presence of an anthropogenic association (Hg, Sb, Pb, Sn, Au, Ag) which depict a marginal contribution in soil geochemistry of the study area. The generation of clr-biplot helped us in a deeper interpretation of single element spatial distribution patterns. As, Be, Sn, Tl and V spatial distribution shows dominance in soil developed from volcanic products of the main volcanic complexes. Our study showed that element such as Be, Sn and Tl naturally exceed the contamination thresholds in almost the entire territory, due to a quite elevated background concentration values. Hence, Campania region con not be considered entirely contaminated (at this scale) by such elements. Co, Cd, Cr and Ni are more abundant where siliciclastic parent rocks occur.

Potentially toxic elements in soils of Campania region (Southern Italy): Combining raw and compositional data / Zuzolo, D.; Cicchella, D.; Lima, A.; Guagliardi, I.; Cerino, P.; Pizzolante, A.; Thiombane, M.; De Vivo, B.; Albanese, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION. - ISSN 0375-6742. - 213:(2020), p. 106524. [10.1016/j.gexplo.2020.106524]

Potentially toxic elements in soils of Campania region (Southern Italy): Combining raw and compositional data

Lima A.;Cerino P.;Thiombane M.;De Vivo B.;Albanese S.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Concern about health effect of Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) has led to an increasing global attention about their concentration levels in the environment. Soil geochemistry has been widely used as a tool for environment monitoring. This study investigates topsoil geochemistry of Campania region (Southern Italy) and (i) allows a reliable overview of the PTEs (As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Tl, V and Zn) concentration in soils, (ii) enable the investigation of the main factors governing PTEs geochemical variation on a regional scale. Over 7300 topsoil samples were collected from the survey area, which occupies an area of about 13.600 km2. Samples were analyzed for pseudo-total content of 53 elements (major and trace elements) by ICP-MS after aqua regia digestion. Data analysis was performed taking into account both raw data and their compositional nature as a tool for the PTEs environmental evaluation and origin investigation. As, Be, Cu, Pb, Sn, Tl, V and Zn in soils of Campania region show higher median concentration levels than Italian and European ones. In addition, all PTEs exceed the residential/ recreational intervention limit (CSCA) set by Italian legislation. The variation structure of compositional data had been visualized using compositional (clr) biplots and displaying the individual sample observations according to their parent rock. Clr-biplot analysis allowed us to recognize geochemical processes controlling most of soil chemical signatures. Multivariate analysis has been performed and three principal components were determined. PC1 is controlled by enrichment of elements deriving from dominant parent rocks of the area (siliciclastics and volcanoclastics). On the other hand, PC1 reveals the presence of an elemental association dominated by Na, K, U, Th, Zr, Ti, Tl and Be (clr variables), which are pathfinder element of soils developed from volcanic parent material. The second (PC2) component well discriminates the geochemical mobility of the elements in soils. The third (PC3) component reveal the presence of an anthropogenic association (Hg, Sb, Pb, Sn, Au, Ag) which depict a marginal contribution in soil geochemistry of the study area. The generation of clr-biplot helped us in a deeper interpretation of single element spatial distribution patterns. As, Be, Sn, Tl and V spatial distribution shows dominance in soil developed from volcanic products of the main volcanic complexes. Our study showed that element such as Be, Sn and Tl naturally exceed the contamination thresholds in almost the entire territory, due to a quite elevated background concentration values. Hence, Campania region con not be considered entirely contaminated (at this scale) by such elements. Co, Cd, Cr and Ni are more abundant where siliciclastic parent rocks occur.
2020
Potentially toxic elements in soils of Campania region (Southern Italy): Combining raw and compositional data / Zuzolo, D.; Cicchella, D.; Lima, A.; Guagliardi, I.; Cerino, P.; Pizzolante, A.; Thiombane, M.; De Vivo, B.; Albanese, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION. - ISSN 0375-6742. - 213:(2020), p. 106524. [10.1016/j.gexplo.2020.106524]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/833431
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 44
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 35
social impact