The study deals with the analyses of springs and wells at the base of Montepugliano Hill that represents the SE edge of the wide carbonate Matese massif (Campania, southern Italy). At the base of the hill, from west to east and for almost one kilometre, cold springs HCO3-Ca type (Grassano springs, * 4.5 m3 /s; TDS: about 0.45 g/L) pass to hypothermal, HCO3-Ca type, sulphurous and CO2- rich springs (* 1 m3 /s with TDS [1 g/L). Some of the latter are widely used in Telese Spa and Centro Relax Spa. Chemical and isotopic analyses carried out for this study support the hypothesis that all these waters (mineral and non-mineral) have the same catchment area, which is located in the Matese massif. As regards the sulphurous springs, they receive both meteoric waters infiltration and uprising of deeper waters rich in endogenous CO2 and H2S gases through important faults systems. Far from these faults, the chemistry of groundwater is scarcely (or not at all) affected by these deep fluid enrichment processes. This scheme is very significant; in fact, when very important groundwater resources are present, it is possible to use both mineral waters in Spa and, in areas far from the faults, those not yet mineralized. Finally,at Montepugliano Hill, in the final stage of the flow path, groundwater is also affected by change in the microbiome: this could provide a basis for comparison between various mineral waters.

Hydrochemical, isotopic and microbiota characterization of telese mineral waters (Southern Italy) / Corniello, Alfonso; Guida, Marco; Stellato, Luisa; Trifuoggi, Marco; Carraturo, Federica; Del Gaudio, Elena; Del Giudice, Carmela; Forte, Giovanni; Giarra, Antonella; Iorio, Marina; Marzaioli, Fabio; Toscanesi, Maria. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH. - ISSN 0269-4042. - (2021). [10.1007/s10653-021-00806-4]

Hydrochemical, isotopic and microbiota characterization of telese mineral waters (Southern Italy)

Corniello, Alfonso
Primo
;
Guida, Marco
Secondo
;
Trifuoggi, Marco;Carraturo, Federica;Del Gaudio, Elena;Del Giudice, Carmela;Forte, Giovanni
;
Giarra, Antonella;Toscanesi, Maria
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The study deals with the analyses of springs and wells at the base of Montepugliano Hill that represents the SE edge of the wide carbonate Matese massif (Campania, southern Italy). At the base of the hill, from west to east and for almost one kilometre, cold springs HCO3-Ca type (Grassano springs, * 4.5 m3 /s; TDS: about 0.45 g/L) pass to hypothermal, HCO3-Ca type, sulphurous and CO2- rich springs (* 1 m3 /s with TDS [1 g/L). Some of the latter are widely used in Telese Spa and Centro Relax Spa. Chemical and isotopic analyses carried out for this study support the hypothesis that all these waters (mineral and non-mineral) have the same catchment area, which is located in the Matese massif. As regards the sulphurous springs, they receive both meteoric waters infiltration and uprising of deeper waters rich in endogenous CO2 and H2S gases through important faults systems. Far from these faults, the chemistry of groundwater is scarcely (or not at all) affected by these deep fluid enrichment processes. This scheme is very significant; in fact, when very important groundwater resources are present, it is possible to use both mineral waters in Spa and, in areas far from the faults, those not yet mineralized. Finally,at Montepugliano Hill, in the final stage of the flow path, groundwater is also affected by change in the microbiome: this could provide a basis for comparison between various mineral waters.
2021
Hydrochemical, isotopic and microbiota characterization of telese mineral waters (Southern Italy) / Corniello, Alfonso; Guida, Marco; Stellato, Luisa; Trifuoggi, Marco; Carraturo, Federica; Del Gaudio, Elena; Del Giudice, Carmela; Forte, Giovanni; Giarra, Antonella; Iorio, Marina; Marzaioli, Fabio; Toscanesi, Maria. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH. - ISSN 0269-4042. - (2021). [10.1007/s10653-021-00806-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/829928
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