The right amount and quality of amino acids (AAs) supplied to patients on parenteral nutrition (PN) reduces muscle mass loss, may preserve or even increase it, with significant clinical benefits. Several industrial PN mixtures are available so that nutrition specialists can choose the product closest to the patient's needs. In selected cases, there is the possibility of personalizing compounded mixtures in a hospital pharmacy that completely meets the individual nutritional needs of PN patients. This narrative review deals with the AA solutions used in PN mixtures. The physiology, the methods to calculate the AA needs, and the AA and energy requirements suggested by scientific guidelines for each patient type are also reported.

Macronutrients in parenteral nutrition: Amino acids / Iacone, R.; Scanzano, C.; Santarpia, L.; Cioffi, I.; Contaldo, F.; Pasanisi, F.. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:3(2020), p. 772. [10.3390/nu12030772]

Macronutrients in parenteral nutrition: Amino acids

Iacone R.;Scanzano C.;Santarpia L.;Cioffi I.;Contaldo F.;Pasanisi F.
2020

Abstract

The right amount and quality of amino acids (AAs) supplied to patients on parenteral nutrition (PN) reduces muscle mass loss, may preserve or even increase it, with significant clinical benefits. Several industrial PN mixtures are available so that nutrition specialists can choose the product closest to the patient's needs. In selected cases, there is the possibility of personalizing compounded mixtures in a hospital pharmacy that completely meets the individual nutritional needs of PN patients. This narrative review deals with the AA solutions used in PN mixtures. The physiology, the methods to calculate the AA needs, and the AA and energy requirements suggested by scientific guidelines for each patient type are also reported.
2020
Macronutrients in parenteral nutrition: Amino acids / Iacone, R.; Scanzano, C.; Santarpia, L.; Cioffi, I.; Contaldo, F.; Pasanisi, F.. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:3(2020), p. 772. [10.3390/nu12030772]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/823847
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