Objectives: Using the new European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) criteria, we identified sarcopenic and dynapenic patients in a cohort of predialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and evaluated their clinical and laboratory characteristics. Methods: The study population consisted of 85 (55 men) clinically stable predialysis CKD patients (92.9% in stages 3–5), with a median age of 65.0 (52.5–72.0) y. We classified as sarcopenic the patients with handgrip strength (HGS) and muscle mass both lower than the respective EWGSOP2 cutoff values and as dynapenic those in whom only HGS was less than these reference values. HGS was measured with a hand dynamometer, whereas muscle mass was measured by bioimpedance analysis. Renal function was evaluated as Modification of Diet in Renal Disease estimated glomerular filtration rate. Results: The prevalence of sarcopenia and dynapenia was, respectively, 7.1% and 17.6%. As reported in previous studies, serum albumin and hemoglobin were lower in sarcopenic patients than in patients with preserved muscle mass and strength. However, unlike in these studies, sarcopenia prevalence did not increase with CKD stage, and estimated glomerular filtration rate was similar between groups. Moreover, no difference was identified in any of the aforementioned parameters between dynapenic patients and patients with preserved muscle mass and strength. Conclusions: The EWGSOP2 criteria identified sarcopenia in CKD with a prevalence similar to previous diagnostic criteria. In addition, they found that dynapenia was highly prevalent. Nevertheless, the EWGSOP2 criteria could be better adapted to CKD patients to improve their ability to detect high-risk sarcopenic and dynapenic patients.

Identification of sarcopenia and dynapenia in CKD predialysis patients with EGWSOP2 criteria: An observational, cross-sectional study

Guida B.
;
Trio R.;Santillo M.;Belfiore A.;Cataldi M.
2020

Abstract

Objectives: Using the new European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) criteria, we identified sarcopenic and dynapenic patients in a cohort of predialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and evaluated their clinical and laboratory characteristics. Methods: The study population consisted of 85 (55 men) clinically stable predialysis CKD patients (92.9% in stages 3–5), with a median age of 65.0 (52.5–72.0) y. We classified as sarcopenic the patients with handgrip strength (HGS) and muscle mass both lower than the respective EWGSOP2 cutoff values and as dynapenic those in whom only HGS was less than these reference values. HGS was measured with a hand dynamometer, whereas muscle mass was measured by bioimpedance analysis. Renal function was evaluated as Modification of Diet in Renal Disease estimated glomerular filtration rate. Results: The prevalence of sarcopenia and dynapenia was, respectively, 7.1% and 17.6%. As reported in previous studies, serum albumin and hemoglobin were lower in sarcopenic patients than in patients with preserved muscle mass and strength. However, unlike in these studies, sarcopenia prevalence did not increase with CKD stage, and estimated glomerular filtration rate was similar between groups. Moreover, no difference was identified in any of the aforementioned parameters between dynapenic patients and patients with preserved muscle mass and strength. Conclusions: The EWGSOP2 criteria identified sarcopenia in CKD with a prevalence similar to previous diagnostic criteria. In addition, they found that dynapenia was highly prevalent. Nevertheless, the EWGSOP2 criteria could be better adapted to CKD patients to improve their ability to detect high-risk sarcopenic and dynapenic patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/823769
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