Merlinoite, a rare natural zeolite, was synthesized by hydrothermal treatment of a natural glass (rhyolitic pumice) with KOH solutions at 140°C and autogenous water vapour pressure. After chemical, X-ray and thermal characterisation, the ion exchange behaviour of merlinoite was investigated at 25°C, pre-exchanging it in Na +-form and studying the exchange equilibria in the presence of each of the following cations: K +, NH 4+, Ba 2+ or Ca 2+. Thermodynamic parameters (equilibrium constant, K 3, and standard free energy of exchange, ΔG°), calculated with the help of a computer program, demonstrated merlinoite to be very selective for the former three cations, unselective for the latter, in substantial accord with the behaviour of phillipsite, a zeolite having a X-ray diffraction pattern very close to that of merlinoite. A satisfying interpretation of ion exchange selectivity or unselectivity was, at last, worked out on the basis of a tentative cation location in the known extra-framework sites of merlinoite.

ION EXCHANGE EQUILIBRIA IN A SYNTHETIC MERLINOITE

COLELLA, CARMINE;DE GENNARO, BRUNO;
2004

Abstract

Merlinoite, a rare natural zeolite, was synthesized by hydrothermal treatment of a natural glass (rhyolitic pumice) with KOH solutions at 140°C and autogenous water vapour pressure. After chemical, X-ray and thermal characterisation, the ion exchange behaviour of merlinoite was investigated at 25°C, pre-exchanging it in Na +-form and studying the exchange equilibria in the presence of each of the following cations: K +, NH 4+, Ba 2+ or Ca 2+. Thermodynamic parameters (equilibrium constant, K 3, and standard free energy of exchange, ΔG°), calculated with the help of a computer program, demonstrated merlinoite to be very selective for the former three cations, unselective for the latter, in substantial accord with the behaviour of phillipsite, a zeolite having a X-ray diffraction pattern very close to that of merlinoite. A satisfying interpretation of ion exchange selectivity or unselectivity was, at last, worked out on the basis of a tentative cation location in the known extra-framework sites of merlinoite.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/8231
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact