Numerous substances from different chemical sectors, from the pharmaceutical industry to the many consumer products available for everyday usage, can find their way into water intended for human consumption and wastewater, and can have adverse effects on the environment and human health. Thus, the disinfection process is an essential stage in water and wastewater treatment plants to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but it can form degradation byproducts. Sodium hypochlorite is the most common disinfectant, but the most important drawback associated with this kind of compound is the generation of toxic disinfection byproducts. Many studies have been carried out to identify alternative disinfectants, and in the last few years, peracetic acid has been highlighted as a feasible solution, particularly in wastewater treatment. This study compares the transformations of five emerging pollutants (caffeine, tramadol, irbesartan, diclofenac, trazodone) treated with peracetic acid, to evaluate their degradation and the possible formation of byproducts with those obtained with sodium hypochlorite. Although peracetic acid has many advantages, including a wide field of use against microorganisms and a low toxicity towards animal and plant organisms, it is not as effective in the degradation of the considered pollutants. These ones are recovered substantially and are unchanged quantitatively, producing a very low number of byproducts.

Peracetic acid vs. Sodium hypochlorite: Degradation and transformation of drugs in wastewater / Luongo, G.; Previtera, L.; Ladhari, A.; Di Fabio, G.; Zarrelli, A.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:10(2020), p. 2294. [10.3390/molecules25102294]

Peracetic acid vs. Sodium hypochlorite: Degradation and transformation of drugs in wastewater

Luongo G.;Previtera L.;Ladhari A.;Di Fabio G.;Zarrelli A.
2020

Abstract

Numerous substances from different chemical sectors, from the pharmaceutical industry to the many consumer products available for everyday usage, can find their way into water intended for human consumption and wastewater, and can have adverse effects on the environment and human health. Thus, the disinfection process is an essential stage in water and wastewater treatment plants to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but it can form degradation byproducts. Sodium hypochlorite is the most common disinfectant, but the most important drawback associated with this kind of compound is the generation of toxic disinfection byproducts. Many studies have been carried out to identify alternative disinfectants, and in the last few years, peracetic acid has been highlighted as a feasible solution, particularly in wastewater treatment. This study compares the transformations of five emerging pollutants (caffeine, tramadol, irbesartan, diclofenac, trazodone) treated with peracetic acid, to evaluate their degradation and the possible formation of byproducts with those obtained with sodium hypochlorite. Although peracetic acid has many advantages, including a wide field of use against microorganisms and a low toxicity towards animal and plant organisms, it is not as effective in the degradation of the considered pollutants. These ones are recovered substantially and are unchanged quantitatively, producing a very low number of byproducts.
2020
Peracetic acid vs. Sodium hypochlorite: Degradation and transformation of drugs in wastewater / Luongo, G.; Previtera, L.; Ladhari, A.; Di Fabio, G.; Zarrelli, A.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:10(2020), p. 2294. [10.3390/molecules25102294]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/822830
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