Antimicrobial resistance is a public health concern worldwide and it is largely attributed to the horizontal exchange of transferable genetic elements such as plasmids carrying integrons. Several studies have been conducted on livestock showing a correlation between the systemic use of antibiotics and the onset of resistant bacterial strains. In contrast, although companion birds are historically considered as an important reservoir for human health threats, little information on the antimicrobial resistance in these species is available in the literature. Therefore, this study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from 755 companion birds. Cloacal samples were processed for E. coli and P. aeruginosa isolation and then all isolates were submitted to antimicrobial susceptibility testing. P. aeruginosa was isolated in 59/755 (7.8%) samples, whereas E. coli was isolated in 231/755 (30.7%) samples. Most strains showed multidrug resistance. This study highlights that companion birds may act as substantial reservoirs carrying antimicrobial resistance genes which could transfer directly or indirectly to humans and animals, and from a One Health perspective this risk should not be underestimated.

Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Companion Birds / Varriale, Lorena; Dipineto, Ludovico; Russo, Tamara Pasqualina; Borrelli, Luca; Romano, Violante; D’Orazio, Stefano; Pace, Antonino; Menna, Lucia Francesca; Fioretti, Alessandro; Santaniello, Antonio. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:11(2020), p. 780. [10.3390/antibiotics9110780]

Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Companion Birds

Varriale, Lorena
Conceptualization
;
Dipineto, Ludovico
Conceptualization
;
Russo, Tamara Pasqualina
Methodology
;
Borrelli, Luca
Data Curation
;
Romano, Violante
Investigation
;
D’Orazio, Stefano
Investigation
;
Pace, Antonino
Data Curation
;
Menna, Lucia Francesca
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Fioretti, Alessandro
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Santaniello, Antonio
Supervision
2020

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance is a public health concern worldwide and it is largely attributed to the horizontal exchange of transferable genetic elements such as plasmids carrying integrons. Several studies have been conducted on livestock showing a correlation between the systemic use of antibiotics and the onset of resistant bacterial strains. In contrast, although companion birds are historically considered as an important reservoir for human health threats, little information on the antimicrobial resistance in these species is available in the literature. Therefore, this study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from 755 companion birds. Cloacal samples were processed for E. coli and P. aeruginosa isolation and then all isolates were submitted to antimicrobial susceptibility testing. P. aeruginosa was isolated in 59/755 (7.8%) samples, whereas E. coli was isolated in 231/755 (30.7%) samples. Most strains showed multidrug resistance. This study highlights that companion birds may act as substantial reservoirs carrying antimicrobial resistance genes which could transfer directly or indirectly to humans and animals, and from a One Health perspective this risk should not be underestimated.
2020
Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Companion Birds / Varriale, Lorena; Dipineto, Ludovico; Russo, Tamara Pasqualina; Borrelli, Luca; Romano, Violante; D’Orazio, Stefano; Pace, Antonino; Menna, Lucia Francesca; Fioretti, Alessandro; Santaniello, Antonio. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:11(2020), p. 780. [10.3390/antibiotics9110780]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/821683
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