Background: The type of sellar barrier observed between a pituitary tumor and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may predict intraoperative CSF leak during endonasal pituitary surgery. This is the first multicentric prospective cohort trial to study the sellar barrier concept and CSF leak rate during endoscopic pituitary surgery. Methods: This multi-center, international study enrolled patients operated for pituitary adenomas via fully endoscopic endonasal surgery over a period of 4 months. The independent variable was the subtype of sellar barrier observed on preoperative MRI (strong, mixed or weak); the dependent variable was the presence of an intraoperative CSF leak. The primary goal was to determine the association between a particular type of sellar barrier and the risk of intraoperative CSF leak. Appropriate statistical methods were then applied for data analysis. Results: Over the study period, 310 patients underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary tumor. Preoperative imaging revealed a weak sellar barrier in 73 (23.55%), a mixed sellar barrier in 75 (24.19%), and a strong sellar barrier in 162 (52.26%) patients. The overall rate of intraoperative CSF leak among all patients was 69 (22.26%). A strong sellar-type barrier was associated with significantly reduced rate of intraoperative CSF leak (RR = 0.08; 95% CI 0.03–0.19; p < 0.0001), while a weak sellar barrier associated with higher rates of CSF leak (RR = 8.54; 95% CI 5.4–13.5; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The preoperative MRI of pituitary patients can suggest intraoperative CSF leak rates, utilizing the concept of the sellar barrier. Patients with a weak sellar barrier carry a higher risk for an intraoperative CSF leak, whereas a strong sellar barrier on MRI seems to mitigate intraoperative CSF leak. We propose that preoperatively assessment of the sellar barrier can prepare surgeons for intraoperative CSF leak repair.

The sellar barrier on preoperative imaging predicts intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak: a prospective multicenter cohort study

Solari D.;Cavallo L. M.;Cappabianca P.;Liu J.;
2021

Abstract

Background: The type of sellar barrier observed between a pituitary tumor and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may predict intraoperative CSF leak during endonasal pituitary surgery. This is the first multicentric prospective cohort trial to study the sellar barrier concept and CSF leak rate during endoscopic pituitary surgery. Methods: This multi-center, international study enrolled patients operated for pituitary adenomas via fully endoscopic endonasal surgery over a period of 4 months. The independent variable was the subtype of sellar barrier observed on preoperative MRI (strong, mixed or weak); the dependent variable was the presence of an intraoperative CSF leak. The primary goal was to determine the association between a particular type of sellar barrier and the risk of intraoperative CSF leak. Appropriate statistical methods were then applied for data analysis. Results: Over the study period, 310 patients underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary tumor. Preoperative imaging revealed a weak sellar barrier in 73 (23.55%), a mixed sellar barrier in 75 (24.19%), and a strong sellar barrier in 162 (52.26%) patients. The overall rate of intraoperative CSF leak among all patients was 69 (22.26%). A strong sellar-type barrier was associated with significantly reduced rate of intraoperative CSF leak (RR = 0.08; 95% CI 0.03–0.19; p < 0.0001), while a weak sellar barrier associated with higher rates of CSF leak (RR = 8.54; 95% CI 5.4–13.5; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The preoperative MRI of pituitary patients can suggest intraoperative CSF leak rates, utilizing the concept of the sellar barrier. Patients with a weak sellar barrier carry a higher risk for an intraoperative CSF leak, whereas a strong sellar barrier on MRI seems to mitigate intraoperative CSF leak. We propose that preoperatively assessment of the sellar barrier can prepare surgeons for intraoperative CSF leak repair.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/821285
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact