Purpose: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a benign condition in which surgical management may be considered. The aim of the study was to review the current literature and report a case. Materials and Methods: We searched the PubMed database for all relevant articles reporting cases of localized tongue amyloidosis published between 1980 and February 2020. In addition, we updated 1 case diagnosed and treated in our department. Results: A 49-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic tongue nodule of the dorsum mimicking median rhomboid glossitis. The results of an incisional biopsy showed an amyloid on Congo red staining and positive findings for the κ light chain by immunohistochemical analysis. The findings of the systemic workup were negative. Therefore, a diagnosis of localized κ light-chain amyloidosis was made. The patient underwent a resection of the lesion, and no recurrence or progression was observed during a period of 18 months. The literature review showed 12 reports describing 21 patients (11 men, 52.3%) with localized tongue amyloidosis. The most common clinical presentation was nodular with a single lesion of the tongue dorsum (15 patients, 71.4%). All cases showed positive findings on Congo red staining. Immunohistochemical analysis findings were available for only 9 patients (42.8%) and showed light-chain amyloidosis. No case showed any systemic involvement or the development of systemic disease. Surgical excision was performed in 9 cases, with recurrence at the site of operation in 2 cases. Conclusions: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a rare disease in which surgical excision may be therapeutic when a multidisciplinary evaluation does not show any systemic disease. We recommend an excision when the lesion is persistent or shows an enlargement or when discomfort is reported. In the case of any further local recurrence, resection may be repeated.

Amyloidoma of the Tongue: Case Report, Surgical Management, and Review of the Literature

Adamo D.;Gasparro R.;Marenzi G.;Mascolo M.;De Novellis D.;Mignogna M. D.
2020

Abstract

Purpose: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a benign condition in which surgical management may be considered. The aim of the study was to review the current literature and report a case. Materials and Methods: We searched the PubMed database for all relevant articles reporting cases of localized tongue amyloidosis published between 1980 and February 2020. In addition, we updated 1 case diagnosed and treated in our department. Results: A 49-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic tongue nodule of the dorsum mimicking median rhomboid glossitis. The results of an incisional biopsy showed an amyloid on Congo red staining and positive findings for the κ light chain by immunohistochemical analysis. The findings of the systemic workup were negative. Therefore, a diagnosis of localized κ light-chain amyloidosis was made. The patient underwent a resection of the lesion, and no recurrence or progression was observed during a period of 18 months. The literature review showed 12 reports describing 21 patients (11 men, 52.3%) with localized tongue amyloidosis. The most common clinical presentation was nodular with a single lesion of the tongue dorsum (15 patients, 71.4%). All cases showed positive findings on Congo red staining. Immunohistochemical analysis findings were available for only 9 patients (42.8%) and showed light-chain amyloidosis. No case showed any systemic involvement or the development of systemic disease. Surgical excision was performed in 9 cases, with recurrence at the site of operation in 2 cases. Conclusions: Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a rare disease in which surgical excision may be therapeutic when a multidisciplinary evaluation does not show any systemic disease. We recommend an excision when the lesion is persistent or shows an enlargement or when discomfort is reported. In the case of any further local recurrence, resection may be repeated.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/820588
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact