Background: Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are highly exploited in manufacturing and medical processes in a broad spectrum of industrial applications and in the academic sectors. Several studies have suggested that many metallic nanomaterials including those derived by silver (Ag) are entering the ecosystem to cause significant toxic consequences in cell culture and animal models. However, ecotoxicity studies are still receiving limited attention when designing functionalized and non.-functionalized AgNPs. Objective: This study aimed to investigate different ecotoxicological profiles of AgNPs, which were analyzed in two different states: in pristine form uncoated AgNPs and coated AgNPs with the antimicrobial peptide indolicidin. These two types of AgNPs are exploited for a set of different tests using Daphnia magna and Raphidocelis subcapitata, which are representatives of two different levels of the aquatic trophic chain, and seeds of Lepidium sativum, Cucumis sativus and Lactuca sativa. Results: Ecotoxicological studies showed that the most sensitive organism to AgNPs was crustacean D. magna, followed by R. subcapitata and plant seeds, while AgNPs coated with indolicidin (IndAgNPs) showed a dose-dependent decreased toxicity for all three. Conclusion: The obtained results demonstrate that high ecotoxicity induced by AgNPs is strongly dependent on the surface chemistry, thus the presence of the antimicrobial peptide. This finding opens new avenues to design and fabricate the next generation of metallic nanoparticles to ensure the biosafety and risk of using engineered nanoparticles in consumer products.

Ecotoxicity evaluation of pristine and indolicidin-coated silver nanoparticles in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem / Falanga, A.; Siciliano, A.; Vitiello, M.; Franci, G.; Del Genio, V.; Galdiero, S.; Guida, M.; Carraturo, F.; Fahmi, A.; Galdiero, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NANOMEDICINE. - ISSN 1176-9114. - 15:(2020), pp. 8097-8108. [10.2147/IJN.S260396]

Ecotoxicity evaluation of pristine and indolicidin-coated silver nanoparticles in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem

Falanga A.
Primo
;
Siciliano A.;Vitiello M.;Franci G.;Del Genio V.;Galdiero S.;Guida M.;Carraturo F.;Galdiero E.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Background: Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are highly exploited in manufacturing and medical processes in a broad spectrum of industrial applications and in the academic sectors. Several studies have suggested that many metallic nanomaterials including those derived by silver (Ag) are entering the ecosystem to cause significant toxic consequences in cell culture and animal models. However, ecotoxicity studies are still receiving limited attention when designing functionalized and non.-functionalized AgNPs. Objective: This study aimed to investigate different ecotoxicological profiles of AgNPs, which were analyzed in two different states: in pristine form uncoated AgNPs and coated AgNPs with the antimicrobial peptide indolicidin. These two types of AgNPs are exploited for a set of different tests using Daphnia magna and Raphidocelis subcapitata, which are representatives of two different levels of the aquatic trophic chain, and seeds of Lepidium sativum, Cucumis sativus and Lactuca sativa. Results: Ecotoxicological studies showed that the most sensitive organism to AgNPs was crustacean D. magna, followed by R. subcapitata and plant seeds, while AgNPs coated with indolicidin (IndAgNPs) showed a dose-dependent decreased toxicity for all three. Conclusion: The obtained results demonstrate that high ecotoxicity induced by AgNPs is strongly dependent on the surface chemistry, thus the presence of the antimicrobial peptide. This finding opens new avenues to design and fabricate the next generation of metallic nanoparticles to ensure the biosafety and risk of using engineered nanoparticles in consumer products.
2020
Ecotoxicity evaluation of pristine and indolicidin-coated silver nanoparticles in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem / Falanga, A.; Siciliano, A.; Vitiello, M.; Franci, G.; Del Genio, V.; Galdiero, S.; Guida, M.; Carraturo, F.; Fahmi, A.; Galdiero, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NANOMEDICINE. - ISSN 1176-9114. - 15:(2020), pp. 8097-8108. [10.2147/IJN.S260396]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/820175
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