Certain G-quadruplex forming guanine-rich oligonucleotides (GROs), including AS1411, are endowed with cancer-selective antiproliferative activity. They are known to bind to nucleolin protein, resulting in the inhibition of nucleolin-mediated phenomena. However, multiple nucleolin-independent biological effects of GROs have also been reported, allowing them to be considered promising candidates for multi-targeted cancer therapy. Herein, with the aim of optimizing AS1411 structural features to find GROs with improved anticancer properties, we have studied a small library of AS1411 derivatives differing in the sequence length and base composition. The AS1411 derivatives were characterized by using circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies and then investigated for their enzymatic resistance in serum and nuclear extract, as well as for their ability to bind nucleolin, inhibit topoisomerase I, and affect the viability of MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells. All derivatives showed higher thermal stability and inhibitory effect against topoisomerase I than AS1411. In addition, most of them showed an improved antiproliferative activity on MCF-7 cells compared to AS1411 despite a weaker binding to nucleolin. Our results support the hypothesis that the antiproliferative properties of GROs are due to multi-targeted effects.

Toward G-Quadruplex-Based Anticancer Agents: Biophysical and Biological Studies of Novel AS1411 Derivatives / Ogloblina, Anna M; Iaccarino, Nunzia; Capasso, Domenica; Di Gaetano, Sonia; Garzarella, Emanuele U; Dolinnaya, Nina G; Yakubovskaya, Marianna G; Pagano, Bruno; Amato, Jussara; Randazzo, Antonio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 21:20(2020), p. 7781. [10.3390/ijms21207781]

Toward G-Quadruplex-Based Anticancer Agents: Biophysical and Biological Studies of Novel AS1411 Derivatives

Iaccarino, Nunzia;Capasso, Domenica;Garzarella, Emanuele U;Pagano, Bruno
;
Amato, Jussara
;
Randazzo, Antonio
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Certain G-quadruplex forming guanine-rich oligonucleotides (GROs), including AS1411, are endowed with cancer-selective antiproliferative activity. They are known to bind to nucleolin protein, resulting in the inhibition of nucleolin-mediated phenomena. However, multiple nucleolin-independent biological effects of GROs have also been reported, allowing them to be considered promising candidates for multi-targeted cancer therapy. Herein, with the aim of optimizing AS1411 structural features to find GROs with improved anticancer properties, we have studied a small library of AS1411 derivatives differing in the sequence length and base composition. The AS1411 derivatives were characterized by using circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies and then investigated for their enzymatic resistance in serum and nuclear extract, as well as for their ability to bind nucleolin, inhibit topoisomerase I, and affect the viability of MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells. All derivatives showed higher thermal stability and inhibitory effect against topoisomerase I than AS1411. In addition, most of them showed an improved antiproliferative activity on MCF-7 cells compared to AS1411 despite a weaker binding to nucleolin. Our results support the hypothesis that the antiproliferative properties of GROs are due to multi-targeted effects.
2020
Toward G-Quadruplex-Based Anticancer Agents: Biophysical and Biological Studies of Novel AS1411 Derivatives / Ogloblina, Anna M; Iaccarino, Nunzia; Capasso, Domenica; Di Gaetano, Sonia; Garzarella, Emanuele U; Dolinnaya, Nina G; Yakubovskaya, Marianna G; Pagano, Bruno; Amato, Jussara; Randazzo, Antonio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 21:20(2020), p. 7781. [10.3390/ijms21207781]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/820125
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