Human lung mast cells (HLMCs) express the high-affinity receptor FcεRI for IgE and are involved in chronic pulmonary diseases occurring at high frequency among HIV-infected individuals. Immunoglobulin superantigens bind to the variable regions of either the heavy or light chain of immunoglobulins (Igs). Glycoprotein 120 (gp120) of HIV-1 is a typical immunoglobulin superantigen interacting with the heavy chain, variable 3 (VH3) region of human Igs. The present study investigated whether immunoglobulin superantigen gp120 caused the release of different classes of proinflammatory and immunoregulatory mediators from HLMCs. The results show that gp120 from different clades induced the rapid (30 min) release of preformed mediators (histamine and tryptase) from HLMCs. gp120 also caused the de novo synthesis of cysteinyl leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) from HLMCs. Incubation (6 h) of HLMC with gp120 induced the release of angiogenic (VEGF-A) and lymphangiogenic (VEGF-C) factors from HLMCs. The activating property of gp120 was mediated through the interaction with IgE VH3+ bound to FcεRI. Our data indicate that HIV gp120 is a viral superantigen, which induces the release of different proinflammatory, angiogenic, and lymphangiogenic factors from HLMCs. These observations could contribute to understanding, at least in part, the pathophysiology of chronic pulmonary diseases in HIV-infected individuals.

Hiv Gp120 induces the release of proinflammatory, angiogenic, and lymphangiogenic factors from human lung mast cells. (VARRICCHI ULTIMO AUTORE E AUTORE CORRISPONDENTE)

Marone G.;Rossi F. W.;Pecoraro A.;Pucino V.;Criscuolo G.;de Paulis A.;Spadaro G.;Marone G.;Varricchi G.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Human lung mast cells (HLMCs) express the high-affinity receptor FcεRI for IgE and are involved in chronic pulmonary diseases occurring at high frequency among HIV-infected individuals. Immunoglobulin superantigens bind to the variable regions of either the heavy or light chain of immunoglobulins (Igs). Glycoprotein 120 (gp120) of HIV-1 is a typical immunoglobulin superantigen interacting with the heavy chain, variable 3 (VH3) region of human Igs. The present study investigated whether immunoglobulin superantigen gp120 caused the release of different classes of proinflammatory and immunoregulatory mediators from HLMCs. The results show that gp120 from different clades induced the rapid (30 min) release of preformed mediators (histamine and tryptase) from HLMCs. gp120 also caused the de novo synthesis of cysteinyl leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) from HLMCs. Incubation (6 h) of HLMC with gp120 induced the release of angiogenic (VEGF-A) and lymphangiogenic (VEGF-C) factors from HLMCs. The activating property of gp120 was mediated through the interaction with IgE VH3+ bound to FcεRI. Our data indicate that HIV gp120 is a viral superantigen, which induces the release of different proinflammatory, angiogenic, and lymphangiogenic factors from HLMCs. These observations could contribute to understanding, at least in part, the pathophysiology of chronic pulmonary diseases in HIV-infected individuals.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/819645
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