Background and Objectives: Fractional CO2 laser has been proposed as an effective treatment for the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). However, the effects of laser treatment on vulvar tissue have never been assessed. We aimed to assess histological changes related to fractional CO2 laser in vulvar tissue from GSM patients. Study Design/Materials and Methods: A single-center observational prospective cohort study was performed enrolling all GSM patients from July 2017 to October 2018. Patients underwent three outpatient vulvovaginal applications of fractional CO2 laser and vulvar biopsy before and after treatment. Rates of histological changes in vulvar tissue, the difference in means of Vulva Health Index (VuHI), Vaginal Health Index (VHI), Visual Analogue Scale scores for GSM symptoms, and procedure-related pain, and rate of patient's overall satisfaction with treatment were assessed. Univariate comparisons between continuous variables were performed by using the paired t-test (α error = 0.05). Results: Of 20 enrolled patients, 18 underwent all laser applications, and 15 underwent both vulvar biopsies. 93.3% of patients showed remodeling of vulvar connective tissue; 80% showed improvement in vulvar epithelium trophism and 86.7% showed neovascularization. Differences in means between before and after treatment were significant for VuHI, VHI, and all GSM symptoms. Means ± standard deviation of the degree of pain at each laser application were 4.4 ± 0.9, 3.7 ± 1.6, and 2.9 ± 1.9. The rate of overall satisfaction with the treatment was 72.2%. Conclusions: Fractional CO2 laser leads to a restoration of the normal architecture of vulvar tissue, with significant improvement in GSM-related signs and symptoms, and overall satisfaction with the treatment in most GSM patients. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Fractional Microablative CO2 Laser-Related Histological Changes on Vulvar Tissue in Patients With Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause / Pagano, T.; Travaglino, A.; Raffone, A.; Vallone, R.; Buonfantino, C.; De Rosa, P.; Locci, M.; Guadagno, E.; Insabato, L.; Salvatore, S.; De Placido, G.. - In: LASERS IN SURGERY AND MEDICINE. - ISSN 0196-8092. - 53:4(2021), pp. 521-527. [10.1002/lsm.23311]

Fractional Microablative CO2 Laser-Related Histological Changes on Vulvar Tissue in Patients With Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause

Pagano T.;Travaglino A.;Raffone A.
;
Vallone R.;Buonfantino C.;De Rosa P.;Locci M.;Guadagno E.;Insabato L.;De Placido G.
2021

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Fractional CO2 laser has been proposed as an effective treatment for the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). However, the effects of laser treatment on vulvar tissue have never been assessed. We aimed to assess histological changes related to fractional CO2 laser in vulvar tissue from GSM patients. Study Design/Materials and Methods: A single-center observational prospective cohort study was performed enrolling all GSM patients from July 2017 to October 2018. Patients underwent three outpatient vulvovaginal applications of fractional CO2 laser and vulvar biopsy before and after treatment. Rates of histological changes in vulvar tissue, the difference in means of Vulva Health Index (VuHI), Vaginal Health Index (VHI), Visual Analogue Scale scores for GSM symptoms, and procedure-related pain, and rate of patient's overall satisfaction with treatment were assessed. Univariate comparisons between continuous variables were performed by using the paired t-test (α error = 0.05). Results: Of 20 enrolled patients, 18 underwent all laser applications, and 15 underwent both vulvar biopsies. 93.3% of patients showed remodeling of vulvar connective tissue; 80% showed improvement in vulvar epithelium trophism and 86.7% showed neovascularization. Differences in means between before and after treatment were significant for VuHI, VHI, and all GSM symptoms. Means ± standard deviation of the degree of pain at each laser application were 4.4 ± 0.9, 3.7 ± 1.6, and 2.9 ± 1.9. The rate of overall satisfaction with the treatment was 72.2%. Conclusions: Fractional CO2 laser leads to a restoration of the normal architecture of vulvar tissue, with significant improvement in GSM-related signs and symptoms, and overall satisfaction with the treatment in most GSM patients. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.
2021
Fractional Microablative CO2 Laser-Related Histological Changes on Vulvar Tissue in Patients With Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause / Pagano, T.; Travaglino, A.; Raffone, A.; Vallone, R.; Buonfantino, C.; De Rosa, P.; Locci, M.; Guadagno, E.; Insabato, L.; Salvatore, S.; De Placido, G.. - In: LASERS IN SURGERY AND MEDICINE. - ISSN 0196-8092. - 53:4(2021), pp. 521-527. [10.1002/lsm.23311]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/819357
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