Psoriasis is a chronic skin immune-mediated disease with systemic pro-inflammatory activation; both genetic and lifestyles factors contribute to its pathogenesis and severity. In this context, nutrition plays a significant role, per se, in psoriasis' pathogenesis. Obesity is another important risk factor for psoriasis, and weight reduction may improve psoriasis' clinical severity. The excess body weight, particularly visceral fat mass, can affect both drug's pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Therefore, psoriasis and obesity share a certain degree of synergy, and the chronic inflammatory state represents the basis of this vicious cycle. Evidence reported that nutrition has different impact on the clinical severity of psoriasis, though some specific diets have been more investigated in clinical studies compared to others. Diets with systemic anti-inflammatory properties seem to have a higher effect on improving the clinical severity of psoriasis. Of interest, very-low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD), through the production of ketone bodies, has been associated with both a significant reduction of body weight and inflammatory state. VLCKD leading to both weight loss and reduction of systemic inflammation may decrease the exacerbation of the clinical manifestations or even it may block the trigger of psoriatic disease. This dietary pattern could represent a potential first-line treatment in psoriatic patients with obesity. The review aims to summarize the current evidence regarding VLCKD and psoriasis with specific reference to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of this dietary pattern

Very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) in patients with psoriasis and obesity: an update for dermatologists and nutritionists / Barrea, Luigi; Megna, Matteo; Cacciapuoti, Sara; Frias-Toral, Evelyn; Fabbrocini, Gabriella; Savastano, Silvia; Colao, Annamaria; Muscogiuri, Giovanna. - In: CRITICAL REVIEWS IN FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 1040-8398. - 62:2(2022), pp. 398-414. [10.1080/10408398.2020.1818053]

Very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) in patients with psoriasis and obesity: an update for dermatologists and nutritionists

Barrea, Luigi;Megna, Matteo;Cacciapuoti, Sara;Fabbrocini, Gabriella;Savastano, Silvia;Colao, Annamaria;Muscogiuri, Giovanna
2022

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic skin immune-mediated disease with systemic pro-inflammatory activation; both genetic and lifestyles factors contribute to its pathogenesis and severity. In this context, nutrition plays a significant role, per se, in psoriasis' pathogenesis. Obesity is another important risk factor for psoriasis, and weight reduction may improve psoriasis' clinical severity. The excess body weight, particularly visceral fat mass, can affect both drug's pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Therefore, psoriasis and obesity share a certain degree of synergy, and the chronic inflammatory state represents the basis of this vicious cycle. Evidence reported that nutrition has different impact on the clinical severity of psoriasis, though some specific diets have been more investigated in clinical studies compared to others. Diets with systemic anti-inflammatory properties seem to have a higher effect on improving the clinical severity of psoriasis. Of interest, very-low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD), through the production of ketone bodies, has been associated with both a significant reduction of body weight and inflammatory state. VLCKD leading to both weight loss and reduction of systemic inflammation may decrease the exacerbation of the clinical manifestations or even it may block the trigger of psoriatic disease. This dietary pattern could represent a potential first-line treatment in psoriatic patients with obesity. The review aims to summarize the current evidence regarding VLCKD and psoriasis with specific reference to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of this dietary pattern
2022
Very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) in patients with psoriasis and obesity: an update for dermatologists and nutritionists / Barrea, Luigi; Megna, Matteo; Cacciapuoti, Sara; Frias-Toral, Evelyn; Fabbrocini, Gabriella; Savastano, Silvia; Colao, Annamaria; Muscogiuri, Giovanna. - In: CRITICAL REVIEWS IN FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 1040-8398. - 62:2(2022), pp. 398-414. [10.1080/10408398.2020.1818053]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/818046
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