Dredging activities of harbours and rivers are becoming very important in many countries all over the world and, as a consequence, the disposal of dredged sediments is a critical concern from an environmental point of view. In order to facilitate the disposal or the reuse of large volume of dredged soils, usually under-consolidated and with a high water content, an electrokinetic treatment can be adopted with the goal to dewater and strengthen the sediments. This paper presents the results of some electrokinetic tests performed on reconstituted clayey specimens at different pore fluid salinities (0.2 < sc < 30 g/l) treated with electrokinetic (EK) technique. The results indicate that the presence of small quantities of salts in the pore fluid enhances the electro-osmotic consolidation. On the contrary, for high salt concentrations of the pore fluid the electro-osmotic dewatering is significantly reduced. The mechanical behaviour of treated specimens has been investigated at the micro (SEM) and macro scale (triaxial and oedometer tests). The experimental results highlighted the relevant and expected contribution of the pore fluid characteristic on the effectiveness of the treatment as ground improvement technique.

Effect of the pore fluid salinities on the behaviour of an electrokinetic treated soft clayey soil

Gargano S.;Lirer S.;Liguori B.;Flora A.
2020

Abstract

Dredging activities of harbours and rivers are becoming very important in many countries all over the world and, as a consequence, the disposal of dredged sediments is a critical concern from an environmental point of view. In order to facilitate the disposal or the reuse of large volume of dredged soils, usually under-consolidated and with a high water content, an electrokinetic treatment can be adopted with the goal to dewater and strengthen the sediments. This paper presents the results of some electrokinetic tests performed on reconstituted clayey specimens at different pore fluid salinities (0.2 < sc < 30 g/l) treated with electrokinetic (EK) technique. The results indicate that the presence of small quantities of salts in the pore fluid enhances the electro-osmotic consolidation. On the contrary, for high salt concentrations of the pore fluid the electro-osmotic dewatering is significantly reduced. The mechanical behaviour of treated specimens has been investigated at the micro (SEM) and macro scale (triaxial and oedometer tests). The experimental results highlighted the relevant and expected contribution of the pore fluid characteristic on the effectiveness of the treatment as ground improvement technique.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/817159
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