Pesticides represent some of the most common man‐made chemicals in the world. Despite their unquestionable utility in the agricultural field and in the prevention of pest infestation in public areas of cities, pesticides and their biotransformation products are toxic to the environment and hazardous to human health. Esterase‐based biosensors represent a viable alternative to the expensive and time‐consuming systems currently used for their detection. In this work, we used the esterase‐2 from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius as bioreceptor for a biosensing device based on an automated robotic approach. Coupling the robotic system with a fluorescence inhibition assay, in only 30 s of enzymatic assay, we accomplished the detection limit of 10 pmol for 11 chemically oxidized thio‐organophosphates in solution. In addition, we observed differences in the shape of the inhibition curves determined measuring the decrease of esterase‐2 residual activity over time. These differences could be used for the characterization and identification of thio‐organophosphate pesticides, leading to a pseudo fingerprinting for each of these compounds. This research represents a starting point to develop technologies for automated screening of toxic compounds in samples from industrial sectors, such as the food industry, and for environmental monitoring.

Highly sensitive detection of chemically modified thio‐organophosphates by an enzymatic biosensing device: an automated robotic approach / Cetrangolo, G. P.; Rusko, J.; Gori, C.; Carullo, P.; Manco, G.; Chino, M.; Febbraio, F.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 20:5(2020), p. 1365. [10.3390/s20051365]

Highly sensitive detection of chemically modified thio‐organophosphates by an enzymatic biosensing device: an automated robotic approach

Gori C.;Carullo P.;Chino M.
Co-ultimo
;
2020

Abstract

Pesticides represent some of the most common man‐made chemicals in the world. Despite their unquestionable utility in the agricultural field and in the prevention of pest infestation in public areas of cities, pesticides and their biotransformation products are toxic to the environment and hazardous to human health. Esterase‐based biosensors represent a viable alternative to the expensive and time‐consuming systems currently used for their detection. In this work, we used the esterase‐2 from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius as bioreceptor for a biosensing device based on an automated robotic approach. Coupling the robotic system with a fluorescence inhibition assay, in only 30 s of enzymatic assay, we accomplished the detection limit of 10 pmol for 11 chemically oxidized thio‐organophosphates in solution. In addition, we observed differences in the shape of the inhibition curves determined measuring the decrease of esterase‐2 residual activity over time. These differences could be used for the characterization and identification of thio‐organophosphate pesticides, leading to a pseudo fingerprinting for each of these compounds. This research represents a starting point to develop technologies for automated screening of toxic compounds in samples from industrial sectors, such as the food industry, and for environmental monitoring.
2020
Highly sensitive detection of chemically modified thio‐organophosphates by an enzymatic biosensing device: an automated robotic approach / Cetrangolo, G. P.; Rusko, J.; Gori, C.; Carullo, P.; Manco, G.; Chino, M.; Febbraio, F.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 20:5(2020), p. 1365. [10.3390/s20051365]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/816965
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