Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the effect of sacubitril/valsartan in advanced heart failure (HF) patients in waiting list for heart transplantation (HT) and the effect on physical frailty (PF). Methods and results: We treated 37 consecutive patients with advanced HF with sacubitril/valsartan. Patients were followed up until HT, device implant, or last follow-up visit after 2 years of follow-up. At baseline, mean New York Heart Association (NYHA) class was 3.1 ± 0.4, with 64.9% in NYHA III and 35.1% NYHA IIIB. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 23.5 ± 5.8%, VO2 max was 10.3 ± 2.3 mL/kg/min, cardiac index was 2.3 ± 0.5 L/min/m2, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) was 4943.0 ± 5326.8 pg/mL. After a mean follow-up of 17.1 ± 4.4 months, no deaths were observed, but NYHA class improved significantly with 56.8% in NYHA II, 40.5% in NYHA III, and 2.7% in NYHA IIIB (P < 0.001). VO2 max and 6 min walk test (6MWT) increased, whereas pulmonary systolic blood pressure, E/E′, VE/VCO2 slope, and NT-pro-BNP decreased. At right heart catheterization performed after 1 year of follow-up, cardiac index and pulmonary vascular resistance remained stable, while a decrease in systolic pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure is observed. Furosemide dosage decrease from 102.7 ± 69.4 to 78.7 ± 66.3 mg (P = 0.040). PF decreased from 3.35 ± 1.0 at baseline to 1.57 ± 1.3 at the end of follow-up (P < 0.001), with a reduction in all PF domains. Conclusions: Our study showed a rapid improvement in PF in HT waiting list patients treated with sacubitril/valsartan. The improvement in all PF domains was paralleled by VO2 and 6MWT increase and together with an NT-pro-BNP reduction constant over the follow-up.

Sacubitril/valsartan in patients listed for heart transplantation: effect on physical frailty / Cacciatore, F.; Amarelli, C.; Maiello, C.; Mattucci, I.; Salerno, G.; Di Maio, M.; Palmieri, V.; Curcio, F.; Pirozzi, F.; Mercurio, V.; Benincasa, G.; Golino, P.; Bonaduce, D.; Napoli, C.; Abete, P.. - In: ESC HEART FAILURE. - ISSN 2055-5822. - 7:2(2020), pp. 757-762. [10.1002/ehf2.12610]

Sacubitril/valsartan in patients listed for heart transplantation: effect on physical frailty

Cacciatore F.;Curcio F.;Mercurio V.;Bonaduce D.;Abete P.
2020

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the effect of sacubitril/valsartan in advanced heart failure (HF) patients in waiting list for heart transplantation (HT) and the effect on physical frailty (PF). Methods and results: We treated 37 consecutive patients with advanced HF with sacubitril/valsartan. Patients were followed up until HT, device implant, or last follow-up visit after 2 years of follow-up. At baseline, mean New York Heart Association (NYHA) class was 3.1 ± 0.4, with 64.9% in NYHA III and 35.1% NYHA IIIB. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 23.5 ± 5.8%, VO2 max was 10.3 ± 2.3 mL/kg/min, cardiac index was 2.3 ± 0.5 L/min/m2, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) was 4943.0 ± 5326.8 pg/mL. After a mean follow-up of 17.1 ± 4.4 months, no deaths were observed, but NYHA class improved significantly with 56.8% in NYHA II, 40.5% in NYHA III, and 2.7% in NYHA IIIB (P < 0.001). VO2 max and 6 min walk test (6MWT) increased, whereas pulmonary systolic blood pressure, E/E′, VE/VCO2 slope, and NT-pro-BNP decreased. At right heart catheterization performed after 1 year of follow-up, cardiac index and pulmonary vascular resistance remained stable, while a decrease in systolic pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure is observed. Furosemide dosage decrease from 102.7 ± 69.4 to 78.7 ± 66.3 mg (P = 0.040). PF decreased from 3.35 ± 1.0 at baseline to 1.57 ± 1.3 at the end of follow-up (P < 0.001), with a reduction in all PF domains. Conclusions: Our study showed a rapid improvement in PF in HT waiting list patients treated with sacubitril/valsartan. The improvement in all PF domains was paralleled by VO2 and 6MWT increase and together with an NT-pro-BNP reduction constant over the follow-up.
2020
Sacubitril/valsartan in patients listed for heart transplantation: effect on physical frailty / Cacciatore, F.; Amarelli, C.; Maiello, C.; Mattucci, I.; Salerno, G.; Di Maio, M.; Palmieri, V.; Curcio, F.; Pirozzi, F.; Mercurio, V.; Benincasa, G.; Golino, P.; Bonaduce, D.; Napoli, C.; Abete, P.. - In: ESC HEART FAILURE. - ISSN 2055-5822. - 7:2(2020), pp. 757-762. [10.1002/ehf2.12610]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/810824
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