The topology of one-dimensional chiral systems is captured by the winding number of the Hamiltonian eigenstates. Here we show that this invariant can be read out by measuring the mean chiral displacement of a single-particle wave function that is connected to a fully localized one via a unitary and translation-invariant map. Remarkably, this implies that the mean chiral displacement can detect the winding number even when the underlying Hamiltonian is quenched between different topological phases. We confirm experimentally these results in a quantum walk of structured light.

Bulk detection of time-dependent topological transitions in quenched chiral models

D'Errico, Alessio;Di Colandrea, Francesco;Barboza, Raouf;Marrucci, Lorenzo;Cardano, Filippo
2020

Abstract

The topology of one-dimensional chiral systems is captured by the winding number of the Hamiltonian eigenstates. Here we show that this invariant can be read out by measuring the mean chiral displacement of a single-particle wave function that is connected to a fully localized one via a unitary and translation-invariant map. Remarkably, this implies that the mean chiral displacement can detect the winding number even when the underlying Hamiltonian is quenched between different topological phases. We confirm experimentally these results in a quantum walk of structured light.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/805257
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