Since the discovery of the three isoforms of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCX1, NCX2 and NCX3 in 1990s, many studies have been devoted to identifying their specific roles in different tissues under several physiological or pathophysiological conditions. In particular, several seminal experimental works laid the foundation for better understanding gene and protein structures, tissue distribution, and regulatory functions of each antiporter isoform. On the other hand, despite the efforts in the development of specific compounds selectively targeting NCX1, NCX2 or NCX3 to test their physiological or pathophysiological roles, several drawbacks hampered the achievement of these goals. In fact, at present no isoform-specific compounds have been yet identified. Moreover, these compounds, despite their potency, possess some nonspecific actions against other ion antiporters, ion channels, and channel receptors. As a result, it is difficult to discriminate direct effects of inhibition/activation of NCX isoforms from the inhibitory or stimulatory effects exerted on other antiporters, channels, receptors, or enzymes. To overcome these difficulties, some research groups used transgenic, knock-out and knock-in mice for NCX isoforms as the most straightforward and fruitful strategy to characterize the biological role exerted by each antiporter isoform. The present review will survey the techniques used to study the roles of NCXs and the current knowledge obtained from these genetic modified mice focusing on the advantages obtained with these strategies in understanding the contribution exerted by each isoform.

Genetically modified mice to unravel physiological and pathophysiological roles played by NCX isoforms / Molinaro, Pasquale; Natale, Silvia; Serani, Angelo; Calabrese, Lucrezia; Secondo, Agnese; Tedeschi, Valentina; Valsecchi, Valeria; Pannaccione, Anna; Scorziello, Antonella; Annunziato, Lucio. - In: CELL CALCIUM. - ISSN 0143-4160. - 87:(2020), p. 102189. [10.1016/j.ceca.2020.102189]

Genetically modified mice to unravel physiological and pathophysiological roles played by NCX isoforms

Molinaro, Pasquale;Natale, Silvia;Serani, Angelo;Calabrese, Lucrezia;Secondo, Agnese;Tedeschi, Valentina;Valsecchi, Valeria;Pannaccione, Anna;Scorziello, Antonella;Annunziato, Lucio
2020

Abstract

Since the discovery of the three isoforms of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCX1, NCX2 and NCX3 in 1990s, many studies have been devoted to identifying their specific roles in different tissues under several physiological or pathophysiological conditions. In particular, several seminal experimental works laid the foundation for better understanding gene and protein structures, tissue distribution, and regulatory functions of each antiporter isoform. On the other hand, despite the efforts in the development of specific compounds selectively targeting NCX1, NCX2 or NCX3 to test their physiological or pathophysiological roles, several drawbacks hampered the achievement of these goals. In fact, at present no isoform-specific compounds have been yet identified. Moreover, these compounds, despite their potency, possess some nonspecific actions against other ion antiporters, ion channels, and channel receptors. As a result, it is difficult to discriminate direct effects of inhibition/activation of NCX isoforms from the inhibitory or stimulatory effects exerted on other antiporters, channels, receptors, or enzymes. To overcome these difficulties, some research groups used transgenic, knock-out and knock-in mice for NCX isoforms as the most straightforward and fruitful strategy to characterize the biological role exerted by each antiporter isoform. The present review will survey the techniques used to study the roles of NCXs and the current knowledge obtained from these genetic modified mice focusing on the advantages obtained with these strategies in understanding the contribution exerted by each isoform.
2020
Genetically modified mice to unravel physiological and pathophysiological roles played by NCX isoforms / Molinaro, Pasquale; Natale, Silvia; Serani, Angelo; Calabrese, Lucrezia; Secondo, Agnese; Tedeschi, Valentina; Valsecchi, Valeria; Pannaccione, Anna; Scorziello, Antonella; Annunziato, Lucio. - In: CELL CALCIUM. - ISSN 0143-4160. - 87:(2020), p. 102189. [10.1016/j.ceca.2020.102189]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/796965
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact