Background: The search for reliable cardiac functional parameters is crucial in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). In the Italian arm of the European Registry of MR, we compared the ability of global longitudinal strain (GLS) and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) to detect cardiac damage in MR. Methods: Five hundred four consecutive patients with MR underwent a complete echo-Doppler exam. A total of 431, 53 and 20 patients had degenerative, secondary and mixed MR, respectively. The main echocardiographic parameters, including LV and left atrial (LA) size measurements, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and GLS were compared between patients with mild MR (n = 392) vs. moderate to severe MR (n = 112). Results: LVEF and GLS were related one another in the pooled population, and separately in patients with mild and moderate/severe MR (all p < 0.0001). However, a certain number of patients were above the upper or below the lower limits of the 95% confidence interval (CI) of the normal relation in the pooled population and in patients with mild MR. Only 2 patients were below the 95% CI in moderate to severe MR. After adjusting for confounders by separate multivariate models, LVEF and GLS were independently associated with LV and left atrial size in the pooled population and in mild and moderate/severe MR. GLS, but not LVEF, was also independently associated with PASP in patients with mild and moderate to severe MR. Conclusions: Both LVEF and GLS are independently associated with LV and LA size, but only GLS is related to pulmonary arterial pressure. GLS is a powerful hallmark of cardiac damage in MR.
Global longitudinal strain is a hallmark of cardiac damage in mitral regurgitation: The Italian arm of the European Registry of mitral regurgitation (EuMiClip) / Santoro, C.; Galderisi, M.; Esposito, Roberta.; Buonauro, A.; Monteagudo, J. M.; Sorrentino, R.; Lembo, M.; Fernandez-Golfin, C.; Trimarco, B.; Zamorano, J. L.. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1476-7120. - 17:1(2019), p. 28. [10.1186/s12947-019-0178-7]