Objective: This trial aimed to provide randomized controlled data comparing Kono-S anastomosis and stapled ileocolic side-to-side anastomosis. Background: Recently, a new antimesenteric, functional, end-to-end, handsewn ileocolic anastomosis (Kono-S) has shown a significant reduction in endoscopic recurrence score and surgical recurrence rate in Crohn disease (CD). Methods: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a tertiary referral institution. Primary endpoint: endoscopic recurrence (ER) (Rutgeerts score i2) after 6 months. Secondary endpoints: clinical recurrence (CR) after 12 and 24 months, ER after 18 months, and surgical recurrence (SR) after 24 months. Results: In all, 79 ileocolic CD patients were randomized in Kono group (36) and Conventional group (43). After 6 months, 22.2% in the Kono group and 62.8% in the Conventional group presented an ER [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) 5.91]. A severe postoperative ER (Rutgeerts score i3) was found in 13.8% of Kono versus 34.8% of Conventional group patients (P ¼ 0.03, OR 3.32). CR rate was 8% in the Kono group versus 18% in the Conventional group after 12 months (P ¼ 0.2), and 18% versus 30.2% after 24 months (P ¼ 0.04, OR 3.47). SR rate after 24 months was 0% in the Kono group versus 4.6% in the Conventional group (P ¼ 0.3). Patients with Kono-S anastomosis presented a longer time until CR than patients with side-to-side anastomosis (hazard ratio 0.36, P ¼ 0.037). On binary logistic regression analysis, the Kono-S anastomosis was the only variable significantly associated with a reduced risk of ER (OR 0.19, P < 0.001). There were no differences in postoperative outcomes. Conclusions: This is the first RCT comparing Kono-S anastomosis and standard anastomosis in CD. The results demonstrate a significant reduction in postoperative endoscopic and clinical recurrence rate for patients who underwent Kono-S anastomosis, and no safety issues. ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02631967.

Surgical Prevention of Anastomotic Recurrence by Excluding Mesentery in Crohn's Disease: The SuPREMe-CD Study - A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Luglio G;Rispo A;Imperatore N;Giglio MC;Amendola A;Peltrini R;Castiglione F;De Palma GD;Bucci L.
2020

Abstract

Objective: This trial aimed to provide randomized controlled data comparing Kono-S anastomosis and stapled ileocolic side-to-side anastomosis. Background: Recently, a new antimesenteric, functional, end-to-end, handsewn ileocolic anastomosis (Kono-S) has shown a significant reduction in endoscopic recurrence score and surgical recurrence rate in Crohn disease (CD). Methods: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a tertiary referral institution. Primary endpoint: endoscopic recurrence (ER) (Rutgeerts score i2) after 6 months. Secondary endpoints: clinical recurrence (CR) after 12 and 24 months, ER after 18 months, and surgical recurrence (SR) after 24 months. Results: In all, 79 ileocolic CD patients were randomized in Kono group (36) and Conventional group (43). After 6 months, 22.2% in the Kono group and 62.8% in the Conventional group presented an ER [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) 5.91]. A severe postoperative ER (Rutgeerts score i3) was found in 13.8% of Kono versus 34.8% of Conventional group patients (P ¼ 0.03, OR 3.32). CR rate was 8% in the Kono group versus 18% in the Conventional group after 12 months (P ¼ 0.2), and 18% versus 30.2% after 24 months (P ¼ 0.04, OR 3.47). SR rate after 24 months was 0% in the Kono group versus 4.6% in the Conventional group (P ¼ 0.3). Patients with Kono-S anastomosis presented a longer time until CR than patients with side-to-side anastomosis (hazard ratio 0.36, P ¼ 0.037). On binary logistic regression analysis, the Kono-S anastomosis was the only variable significantly associated with a reduced risk of ER (OR 0.19, P < 0.001). There were no differences in postoperative outcomes. Conclusions: This is the first RCT comparing Kono-S anastomosis and standard anastomosis in CD. The results demonstrate a significant reduction in postoperative endoscopic and clinical recurrence rate for patients who underwent Kono-S anastomosis, and no safety issues. ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02631967.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/794310
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