Cerebral tissues in human remains are rare archaeological discoveries. These tissues are typically saponified, meaning that their triglycerides have been converted to glycerol and fatty acid salts, or soap. In c.e. 79, a volcanic hot ash avalanche rapidly killed the inhabitants of Pompeii and Herculaneum. In the 1960s, at the Collegium Augustalium in Herculaneum, a human victim of the avalanche was found lying on a wooden bed, buried by volcanic ash. In this victim’s skull, we discovered apparent brain remains that were vitrified instead of saponified.

Heat-Induced Brain Vitrification from the Vesuvius Eruption in c.e. 79 / Petrone, PIETRO PAOLO; Pucci, Pietro; Niola, Massimo; Baxter, Peter J.; Fontanarosa, Carolina; Giordano, Guido; Graziano, Vincenzo; Sirano, Francesco; Amoresano, Angela. - In: THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 0028-4793. - 382:4(2020), pp. 383-384. [10.1056/NEJMc1909867]

Heat-Induced Brain Vitrification from the Vesuvius Eruption in c.e. 79.

Pietro Paolo Petrone;Piero Pucci;Massimo Niola;Carolina Fontanarosa;Vincenzo Graziano;Angela Amoresano
2020

Abstract

Cerebral tissues in human remains are rare archaeological discoveries. These tissues are typically saponified, meaning that their triglycerides have been converted to glycerol and fatty acid salts, or soap. In c.e. 79, a volcanic hot ash avalanche rapidly killed the inhabitants of Pompeii and Herculaneum. In the 1960s, at the Collegium Augustalium in Herculaneum, a human victim of the avalanche was found lying on a wooden bed, buried by volcanic ash. In this victim’s skull, we discovered apparent brain remains that were vitrified instead of saponified.
2020
Heat-Induced Brain Vitrification from the Vesuvius Eruption in c.e. 79 / Petrone, PIETRO PAOLO; Pucci, Pietro; Niola, Massimo; Baxter, Peter J.; Fontanarosa, Carolina; Giordano, Guido; Graziano, Vincenzo; Sirano, Francesco; Amoresano, Angela. - In: THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 0028-4793. - 382:4(2020), pp. 383-384. [10.1056/NEJMc1909867]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/787394
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