Ancient Schwannoma is a type of peripheral neurogenic tumor formed by the Schwann cells presenting mainly as a benign and asymptomatic lesion. The neurilemmoma tumor appears in different sites and, in cases of cervical location, can mimic a carotid body tumor. Herein we describe a clinical case of a 51-year-old woman with latero-cervical swelling. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a classical wineglass image mimicking a carotid body tumor. During surgery the tumor appeared connected to the cervical sympathetic trunk without carotid involvement. The histological exam confirmed the nature of the mass which consisted of an ancient schwannoma. A subsequent systematic review of the literature on ancient schwannoma incidence and treatment confirms it being a benign and rare lesion primarily treatable with open surgery. KEY WORDS: Ancient Schwannoma, Carotid body tumor, Carotid artery, Vascular surgery.

Ancient schwannoma mimicking a carotid body tumor A case report and review of the literature

GARBUGLIO, ROBERTA;Turchino, Davide;Giribono, Anna Maria;Viviani, Emanuela;Sodo, Maurizio;Del Guercio, Luca;Bracale, Umberto Marcello
2020

Abstract

Ancient Schwannoma is a type of peripheral neurogenic tumor formed by the Schwann cells presenting mainly as a benign and asymptomatic lesion. The neurilemmoma tumor appears in different sites and, in cases of cervical location, can mimic a carotid body tumor. Herein we describe a clinical case of a 51-year-old woman with latero-cervical swelling. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a classical wineglass image mimicking a carotid body tumor. During surgery the tumor appeared connected to the cervical sympathetic trunk without carotid involvement. The histological exam confirmed the nature of the mass which consisted of an ancient schwannoma. A subsequent systematic review of the literature on ancient schwannoma incidence and treatment confirms it being a benign and rare lesion primarily treatable with open surgery. KEY WORDS: Ancient Schwannoma, Carotid body tumor, Carotid artery, Vascular surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/784086
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