Klhl14-AS is a long noncoding RNA expressed since early specification of thyroid bud and is the most enriched gene in the mouse thyroid primordium at E10.5. Here, we studied its involvement in thyroid carcinogenesis, by analyzing its expression in cancer tissues and different models of neoplastic transformation. Compared to normal thyroid tissue and cells, Klhl14-AS was significantly downregulated in human thyroid carcinoma tissue specimens, particularly the anaplastic histotype, thyroid cancer cell lines, and rodent models of thyroid cancer. Downregulating the expression of Klhl14-AS in normal thyroid cells decreased the expression of thyroid differentiation markers and cell death and increased cell viability. These effects were mediated by the binding of Klhl14-AS to two microRNAs, miR-182-5p and miR-20a-5p, which silenced PAX8 and BCL2, both essential players of thyroid differentiation. miR-182-5p and miR-20a-5p were upregulated in human thyroid cancer and thyroid cancer experimental models and their effects on Pax8 and Bcl2 were rescued by Klhl14-AS overexpression, confirming Klhl14-AS as a ceRNA for both PAX8 and BCL2. This work connects deregulation of differentiation with increased proliferation and survival in thyroid neoplastic cells and highlights a novel ceRNA circuitry involving key regulators of thyroid physiology.

A ceRNA circuitry involving the long noncoding RNA Klhl14-AS, Pax8 and Bcl2 drives thyroid carcinogenesis

Credendino, Sara C;Amendola, Elena;Sepe, Romina;Tinto, Nadia;Fusco, Alfredo;De Felice, Mario;De Vita, Gabriella
2019

Abstract

Klhl14-AS is a long noncoding RNA expressed since early specification of thyroid bud and is the most enriched gene in the mouse thyroid primordium at E10.5. Here, we studied its involvement in thyroid carcinogenesis, by analyzing its expression in cancer tissues and different models of neoplastic transformation. Compared to normal thyroid tissue and cells, Klhl14-AS was significantly downregulated in human thyroid carcinoma tissue specimens, particularly the anaplastic histotype, thyroid cancer cell lines, and rodent models of thyroid cancer. Downregulating the expression of Klhl14-AS in normal thyroid cells decreased the expression of thyroid differentiation markers and cell death and increased cell viability. These effects were mediated by the binding of Klhl14-AS to two microRNAs, miR-182-5p and miR-20a-5p, which silenced PAX8 and BCL2, both essential players of thyroid differentiation. miR-182-5p and miR-20a-5p were upregulated in human thyroid cancer and thyroid cancer experimental models and their effects on Pax8 and Bcl2 were rescued by Klhl14-AS overexpression, confirming Klhl14-AS as a ceRNA for both PAX8 and BCL2. This work connects deregulation of differentiation with increased proliferation and survival in thyroid neoplastic cells and highlights a novel ceRNA circuitry involving key regulators of thyroid physiology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/777183
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