Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) occurs as an adverse consequence of left ventricle remodeling post-myocardial infarction. A change in mitral valve configuration with an imbalance between closing and tethering forces underlie this pathological condition. These abnormalities lead to impaired leaflet coaptation and a variable degree of mitral regurgitation, which can in turn influence the ventricular filling status, the heart rhythm and the afterload regardless of the residual ischemic insult. The IMR correction can be pursued through under-sizing mitral annuloplasty and papillary muscle approximation to restore the mitral valve and left ventricle physiological geometry to, consequently, achieve normalization of the engaged physical forces. Because the structures involved undergo extremely large deformations, a biomechanics model based on the Euler's Elastica -the mitral leaflet- interlaced with nonlinear chordae tendineae anchored on papillary muscles has been constructed to elucidate the interactions between closing and tethering forces. The model takes into account the actual updated geometrical and mechanical features of the valvular and subvalvular apparatuses in physiological and IMR conditions, as well as in case of papillary muscle approximation, finally furnishing ad hoc geometry-based mathematical relations that could be utilised to support-and optimize-the relevant choices in cardiac surgery.

Euler's elastica-based biomechanics of the papillary muscle approximation in ischemic mitral valve regurgitation: A simple 2D analytical model / Nappi, F.; Carotenuto, A. R.; Singh, S. S. A.; Mihos, C.; Fraldi, M.. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - 12:9(2019), p. 1518. [10.3390/ma12091518]

Euler's elastica-based biomechanics of the papillary muscle approximation in ischemic mitral valve regurgitation: A simple 2D analytical model

Carotenuto A. R.;Fraldi M.
2019

Abstract

Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) occurs as an adverse consequence of left ventricle remodeling post-myocardial infarction. A change in mitral valve configuration with an imbalance between closing and tethering forces underlie this pathological condition. These abnormalities lead to impaired leaflet coaptation and a variable degree of mitral regurgitation, which can in turn influence the ventricular filling status, the heart rhythm and the afterload regardless of the residual ischemic insult. The IMR correction can be pursued through under-sizing mitral annuloplasty and papillary muscle approximation to restore the mitral valve and left ventricle physiological geometry to, consequently, achieve normalization of the engaged physical forces. Because the structures involved undergo extremely large deformations, a biomechanics model based on the Euler's Elastica -the mitral leaflet- interlaced with nonlinear chordae tendineae anchored on papillary muscles has been constructed to elucidate the interactions between closing and tethering forces. The model takes into account the actual updated geometrical and mechanical features of the valvular and subvalvular apparatuses in physiological and IMR conditions, as well as in case of papillary muscle approximation, finally furnishing ad hoc geometry-based mathematical relations that could be utilised to support-and optimize-the relevant choices in cardiac surgery.
2019
Euler's elastica-based biomechanics of the papillary muscle approximation in ischemic mitral valve regurgitation: A simple 2D analytical model / Nappi, F.; Carotenuto, A. R.; Singh, S. S. A.; Mihos, C.; Fraldi, M.. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - 12:9(2019), p. 1518. [10.3390/ma12091518]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/773358
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