Approximately 71 million people are chronically infected with HCV worldwide. Recently, interferonfree therapies effective against HCV became available and nowadays, therapeutic strategies include a combination of two or three drugs with different mechanisms of action. In the present study, we reported real-life SVR rates in a large cohort of four prescribing centers in a high-endemic area of Southern Italy. We conducted a prospective multicenter study among all the patients with chronic HCV infection, who received therapy with the first available interferon-free therapies between March 2015 and December 2017 and who referred to one of the 4 DAA-prescribing centers in Campania, Southern Italy. Patients with Child C cirrhosis, a diagnosis of active HCC at the baseline or who refused the consent form, were excluded. Nine-hundred fifty-three patients were enrolled. Most of the enrolled patients had HCV genotype 1b infection (66.4%), were older than 65 years (64.1%) and had advanced liver fibrosis (Metavir > F4) (73.5%). The overall SVR12 rate was 98.5%. Patients with clinical cirrhosis had a similar SVR12 rate compared with those without cirrhosis (97.8% vs 99.2%, p=0.09), while patients with decompensated cirrhosis had a significantly lower rate of SVR12 compared with those without decompensated disease (95.3% vs 99.0%, p<0.05). Patients aged more than 65 years had a similar rate of SVR12 compared with patients aged ≤ 65 years (98.6% vs 98.0%, p=0.57). Among patients >65 years, those with clinical cirrhosis, as well as those with advanced liver fibrosis, had a similar SVR12 rate compared with the patients with a Metavir score < F4 (98.3% vs 99.0%, p=0.70 and 98.6% vs 98.6%, p=1.00, respectively). In the present, real-life study, DAA regimens are effective and safe in patients with chronic HCV infection, regardless of age and stage of liver disease, providing very high rates of SVR12 (98.5%).

Efficacy of the "first wave" Direct Acting antivirals against HCV infection: results from the Italian LINA (Liver Network Activity) cohort

Gentile, Ivan;Buonomo, Antonio Riccardo;Staiano, Laura;Amoruso, Daniela Caterina;Maraolo, Alberto Enrico;PORTUNATO, FEDERICA;Pinchera, Biagio;Zappulo, Emanuela;Scotto, Riccardo;
2019

Abstract

Approximately 71 million people are chronically infected with HCV worldwide. Recently, interferonfree therapies effective against HCV became available and nowadays, therapeutic strategies include a combination of two or three drugs with different mechanisms of action. In the present study, we reported real-life SVR rates in a large cohort of four prescribing centers in a high-endemic area of Southern Italy. We conducted a prospective multicenter study among all the patients with chronic HCV infection, who received therapy with the first available interferon-free therapies between March 2015 and December 2017 and who referred to one of the 4 DAA-prescribing centers in Campania, Southern Italy. Patients with Child C cirrhosis, a diagnosis of active HCC at the baseline or who refused the consent form, were excluded. Nine-hundred fifty-three patients were enrolled. Most of the enrolled patients had HCV genotype 1b infection (66.4%), were older than 65 years (64.1%) and had advanced liver fibrosis (Metavir > F4) (73.5%). The overall SVR12 rate was 98.5%. Patients with clinical cirrhosis had a similar SVR12 rate compared with those without cirrhosis (97.8% vs 99.2%, p=0.09), while patients with decompensated cirrhosis had a significantly lower rate of SVR12 compared with those without decompensated disease (95.3% vs 99.0%, p<0.05). Patients aged more than 65 years had a similar rate of SVR12 compared with patients aged ≤ 65 years (98.6% vs 98.0%, p=0.57). Among patients >65 years, those with clinical cirrhosis, as well as those with advanced liver fibrosis, had a similar SVR12 rate compared with the patients with a Metavir score < F4 (98.3% vs 99.0%, p=0.70 and 98.6% vs 98.6%, p=1.00, respectively). In the present, real-life study, DAA regimens are effective and safe in patients with chronic HCV infection, regardless of age and stage of liver disease, providing very high rates of SVR12 (98.5%).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/768624
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