The i-motif is a biologically relevant non-canonical DNA structure formed by cytosine-rich sequences. Despite the importance of the factors affecting the formation/stability of such a structure, like pH, cation type and concentration, no systematic study that simultaneously analysed their effect on the i-motif in vitro has been carried out so far. Therefore, here we report a systematic study that aims to evaluate the effect of these factors, and their possible interaction, on the formation of an i-motif structure. Our results confirm that pH plays the main role in i-motif formation. However, we demonstrate that the effect of the cation concentration on the i-motif is strictly dependent on the pH, while no significant differences are observed among the investigated cation types.

Assessing the influence of pH and cationic strength on i-motif DNA structure

Iaccarino N.
Primo
;
Di Porzio A.;Amato J.;Pagano B.;Brancaccio D.;Novellino E.;Randazzo A.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The i-motif is a biologically relevant non-canonical DNA structure formed by cytosine-rich sequences. Despite the importance of the factors affecting the formation/stability of such a structure, like pH, cation type and concentration, no systematic study that simultaneously analysed their effect on the i-motif in vitro has been carried out so far. Therefore, here we report a systematic study that aims to evaluate the effect of these factors, and their possible interaction, on the formation of an i-motif structure. Our results confirm that pH plays the main role in i-motif formation. However, we demonstrate that the effect of the cation concentration on the i-motif is strictly dependent on the pH, while no significant differences are observed among the investigated cation types.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/768206
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