During cold storage stallion spermatozoa experience undergo oxidative stress, which can impair sperm function and fertilizing capacity. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) are the main endogenous enzymatic antioxidants in stallion seminal plasma, and counteract reactive oxygen species. Semen dilution reduces the endogenous antioxidant concentrations. The aim of this study was to investigate whether addition of 15 IU/mL each of SOD, CAT, and GPX to diluted stallion semen would ameliorate a reactive oxygen-mediated decrease in semen quality during 72 h of storage at 5 °C. Ejaculates (n = 7) were divided in two aliquots and diluted in INRA 96 without (control) or with addition of antioxidants. Semen analysis was performed at the time of dilution and every 24 h during chilled storage. Antioxidant supplementation completely inhibited the storage-dependent increase in activated caspase 3 (P < 0.05). Concomitantly, the antioxidant-supplemented samples had a greater percentage of viable, motile and rapidly moving sperm than control samples after 72 h storage (P < 0.05). The DNA damage, as evaluated by TUNEL assay and SCSA, increased with storage time (P < 0.05). Antioxidant supplementation did not prevent, but did significantly reduce the increase in DNA strand breakage. The results indicate part of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway leading to effector caspase activation was inhibited, although an activation of molecules with endonuclease activity still occurred. In conclusion, adding equal concentrations of SOD, CAT and GPX to a semen extender suppressed caspase-3 activation and improved preservation of stallion sperm motility and viability during 72 h of storage at 5 °C.

Combined addition of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase improves quality of cooled stored stallion semen / DEL PRETE, Chiara; Stout, Tom; Montagnaro, Serena; Pagnini, Ugo; Uccello, Melania; Florio, Pasquale; Ciani, Francesca; Tafuri, Simona; Palumbo, Veronica; Pasolini, MARIA PIA; Cocchia, Natascia; Henning, Heiko. - In: ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE. - ISSN 0378-4320. - 210:(2019). [10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.106195]

Combined addition of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase improves quality of cooled stored stallion semen.

Chiara Del Prete
;
Serena Montagnaro;Ugo Pagnini;Pasquale Florio;Francesca Ciani;Simona Tafuri;Veronica Palumbo;Maria Pia Pasolini;Natascia Cocchia;
2019

Abstract

During cold storage stallion spermatozoa experience undergo oxidative stress, which can impair sperm function and fertilizing capacity. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) are the main endogenous enzymatic antioxidants in stallion seminal plasma, and counteract reactive oxygen species. Semen dilution reduces the endogenous antioxidant concentrations. The aim of this study was to investigate whether addition of 15 IU/mL each of SOD, CAT, and GPX to diluted stallion semen would ameliorate a reactive oxygen-mediated decrease in semen quality during 72 h of storage at 5 °C. Ejaculates (n = 7) were divided in two aliquots and diluted in INRA 96 without (control) or with addition of antioxidants. Semen analysis was performed at the time of dilution and every 24 h during chilled storage. Antioxidant supplementation completely inhibited the storage-dependent increase in activated caspase 3 (P < 0.05). Concomitantly, the antioxidant-supplemented samples had a greater percentage of viable, motile and rapidly moving sperm than control samples after 72 h storage (P < 0.05). The DNA damage, as evaluated by TUNEL assay and SCSA, increased with storage time (P < 0.05). Antioxidant supplementation did not prevent, but did significantly reduce the increase in DNA strand breakage. The results indicate part of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway leading to effector caspase activation was inhibited, although an activation of molecules with endonuclease activity still occurred. In conclusion, adding equal concentrations of SOD, CAT and GPX to a semen extender suppressed caspase-3 activation and improved preservation of stallion sperm motility and viability during 72 h of storage at 5 °C.
2019
Combined addition of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase improves quality of cooled stored stallion semen / DEL PRETE, Chiara; Stout, Tom; Montagnaro, Serena; Pagnini, Ugo; Uccello, Melania; Florio, Pasquale; Ciani, Francesca; Tafuri, Simona; Palumbo, Veronica; Pasolini, MARIA PIA; Cocchia, Natascia; Henning, Heiko. - In: ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE. - ISSN 0378-4320. - 210:(2019). [10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.106195]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/767887
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