Polyphenols are secondary plant metabolites which have been studied extensively for their health-promoting properties, and which could also exert pharmacological activities ranging from anti-inflammatory effects, to cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. The main mechanism for programmed cell death is represented by apoptosis, and its dysregulation is involved in the etiopathology of cancer. As such, substances able to induce apoptosis in cancer cells could be used as new anticancer agents. The aim of this paper is to review literature data on the apoptotic effects of polyphenols and the molecular mechanisms through which they induce these effects in cancer cells. In addition, a brief summary of the new delivery forms used to increase the bioavailability, and clinical impact of polyphenols is provided. The studies reported show that many polyphenol rich plant extracts, originating from food and herbal medicine, as well as isolated polyphenols administered individually or in combination, can regulate cell apoptosis primarily through intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of action in in vitro conditions. Due to these promising results, the use of polyphenols in the treatment of cancer should therefore be deeply investigated. In particular, because of the low number of clinical trials, further studies are required to evaluate the anticancer activity of polyphenols in in vivo conditions.

In vitro polyphenol effects on apoptosis: An update of literature data / Curti, Valeria; Di Lorenzo, Arianna; Dacrema, Marco; Xiao, Jianbo; Nabavi, Sayed Mohammad; Daglia, Maria. - In: SEMINARS IN CANCER BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1044-579X. - 46:(2017), pp. 119-131. [10.1016/j.semcancer.2017.08.005]

In vitro polyphenol effects on apoptosis: An update of literature data

Dacrema, Marco;Daglia, Maria
2017

Abstract

Polyphenols are secondary plant metabolites which have been studied extensively for their health-promoting properties, and which could also exert pharmacological activities ranging from anti-inflammatory effects, to cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. The main mechanism for programmed cell death is represented by apoptosis, and its dysregulation is involved in the etiopathology of cancer. As such, substances able to induce apoptosis in cancer cells could be used as new anticancer agents. The aim of this paper is to review literature data on the apoptotic effects of polyphenols and the molecular mechanisms through which they induce these effects in cancer cells. In addition, a brief summary of the new delivery forms used to increase the bioavailability, and clinical impact of polyphenols is provided. The studies reported show that many polyphenol rich plant extracts, originating from food and herbal medicine, as well as isolated polyphenols administered individually or in combination, can regulate cell apoptosis primarily through intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of action in in vitro conditions. Due to these promising results, the use of polyphenols in the treatment of cancer should therefore be deeply investigated. In particular, because of the low number of clinical trials, further studies are required to evaluate the anticancer activity of polyphenols in in vivo conditions.
2017
In vitro polyphenol effects on apoptosis: An update of literature data / Curti, Valeria; Di Lorenzo, Arianna; Dacrema, Marco; Xiao, Jianbo; Nabavi, Sayed Mohammad; Daglia, Maria. - In: SEMINARS IN CANCER BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1044-579X. - 46:(2017), pp. 119-131. [10.1016/j.semcancer.2017.08.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/767506
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