The subsoil consolidation in the archaeological sites or in areas with historic existing buildings (e.g. Pompeii) needs the use of ground improvement techniques that must guarantee the safeguarding of such relevant areas and structures. One of the best approaches in such cases is low pressure grouting. An experimental multidisciplinary study was carried out with the aim to design and characterize a sustainable chemical grout sodium silicate-based catalysed by NaHCO3. The evolution from sol-to-glassy phase of the grouts was carefully investigated, furthermore the effectiveness of the grout has been verified either by lab tests or by real-scale field trials. The experimental findings suggested that it is possible to properly control the viscosity and gel-time of the grout modulating the amount of catalyst without affecting the final consolidation performances. Furthermore, the results at real-scale validate the safety of the above approach in cultural heritage applications, since it allowed a complete permeation of the soil without worsening its final properties.

Effect of rheology evolution of a sustainable chemical grout, sodium-silicate based, for low pressure grouting in sensitive areas: Urbanized or historical sites

Verdolotti L.;Liguori B.;Salzano de Luna M.;Filippone G.
2020

Abstract

The subsoil consolidation in the archaeological sites or in areas with historic existing buildings (e.g. Pompeii) needs the use of ground improvement techniques that must guarantee the safeguarding of such relevant areas and structures. One of the best approaches in such cases is low pressure grouting. An experimental multidisciplinary study was carried out with the aim to design and characterize a sustainable chemical grout sodium silicate-based catalysed by NaHCO3. The evolution from sol-to-glassy phase of the grouts was carefully investigated, furthermore the effectiveness of the grout has been verified either by lab tests or by real-scale field trials. The experimental findings suggested that it is possible to properly control the viscosity and gel-time of the grout modulating the amount of catalyst without affecting the final consolidation performances. Furthermore, the results at real-scale validate the safety of the above approach in cultural heritage applications, since it allowed a complete permeation of the soil without worsening its final properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/766321
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