Oral (OSCC) and oropharyngeal (OPSCC) squamous cell carcinomas show high morbidity and mortality rates. We aimed to investigate the role of the "Chromatin Assembly Factor-1" (CAF-1) p60 and p150 subunits, involved in DNA repair and replication, in OSCC and OPSCC progression and in response to Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-inhibitors and exposure to ionizing radiation (IR). We immunostained tissue microarrays (TMAs), including 112 OSCC and 42 OPSCC, with anti-CAF-1/p60 and anti-CAF-1/p150 specific antibodies, correlating their expression with prognosis. Moreover, we assessed the sensitivity to PARP inhibitors and the double-strand breaks repair proficiency by cell viability and HR reporter assays, respectively, in HPV-positive and HPV-negative cell lines upon CAF-1/p60 and CAF-1/p150 depletion. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significant prognostic value of both tissue biomarkers combined expression in OSCC but not in OPSCC. In in vitro studies, the p60/150 CAF-1 subunits' depletion impaired the proficiency of Homologous Recombination DNA damage repair, inducing sensitivity to the PARP-inhibitors, able to sensitize both the cell lines to IR. These results indicate that regardless of the prognostic meaning of p60/p150 tissue expression, the pharmacological depletion of CAF-1 complex's function, combined to PARP-inhibitors and/or IR treatment, could represent a valid therapeutic strategy for squamous cell carcinomas of head and neck region.

CAF-1 Subunits Levels Suggest Combined Treatments with PARP-Inhibitors and Ionizing Radiation in Advanced HNSCC

Morra, Francesco;Merolla, Francesco;Russo, Daniela;Ilardi, Gennaro;Varricchio, Silvia;Liotti, Federica;Pacelli, Roberto;Palazzo, Luca;Mascolo, Massimo;Celetti, Angela;Staibano, Stefania
2019

Abstract

Oral (OSCC) and oropharyngeal (OPSCC) squamous cell carcinomas show high morbidity and mortality rates. We aimed to investigate the role of the "Chromatin Assembly Factor-1" (CAF-1) p60 and p150 subunits, involved in DNA repair and replication, in OSCC and OPSCC progression and in response to Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-inhibitors and exposure to ionizing radiation (IR). We immunostained tissue microarrays (TMAs), including 112 OSCC and 42 OPSCC, with anti-CAF-1/p60 and anti-CAF-1/p150 specific antibodies, correlating their expression with prognosis. Moreover, we assessed the sensitivity to PARP inhibitors and the double-strand breaks repair proficiency by cell viability and HR reporter assays, respectively, in HPV-positive and HPV-negative cell lines upon CAF-1/p60 and CAF-1/p150 depletion. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significant prognostic value of both tissue biomarkers combined expression in OSCC but not in OPSCC. In in vitro studies, the p60/150 CAF-1 subunits' depletion impaired the proficiency of Homologous Recombination DNA damage repair, inducing sensitivity to the PARP-inhibitors, able to sensitize both the cell lines to IR. These results indicate that regardless of the prognostic meaning of p60/p150 tissue expression, the pharmacological depletion of CAF-1 complex's function, combined to PARP-inhibitors and/or IR treatment, could represent a valid therapeutic strategy for squamous cell carcinomas of head and neck region.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/763962
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