Anthracyclines are widely used in anticancer protocols, but can induce cardiotoxicity by mechanisms that mainly involve oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. Radiotherapy can also impair cardiac function by promoting myocardial fibrosis, microvascular damage and decreased density of myocardial capillaries. Hence, we aim at investigating prospectively whether radiotherapy impacts heart function in lymphoma patients who had been already treated with anthracyclines. Twenty-nine consecutive patients with Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphomas underwent echocardiography at baseline (before antineoplastic treatments), and then every two months, until 6 months after treatments completion. Echo evaluation included standard 2D and Speckle Tracking. Twenty-two patients treated with anthracycline-based regimens were eligible. Out of the 22 patients, 8 received chemotherapy only (subgroup 1), while 14 underwent radiotherapy after chemotherapy (subgroup 2). At the end of chemotherapy, ejection fraction was significantly reduced in the whole population. At 6 months after completion of therapies, E/E' increased and Global Longitudinal Strain was compromised in subgroup 2, suggesting additional damage induced by radiotherapy after chemotherapy. On the basis of the data from our small prospective study we can hypothesize that in lymphoma patients anthracyclines can worsen cardiac function, and radiotherapy may have an additional unfavorable myocardial impact.

What is the cardiac impact of chemotherapy and subsequent radiotherapy in lymphoma patients

Mercurio, Valentina
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Cuomo, Alessandra;Della Pepa, Roberta;Ciervo, Deasy;Cella, Laura;Pirozzi, Flora;Parrella, Paolo;Campi, Giacomo;Franco, Riccardo;Varricchi, Gilda;Abete, Pasquale
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Marone, Gianni
Supervision
;
Petretta, Mario
Formal Analysis
;
Bonaduce, Domenico;Pacelli, Roberto
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Picardi, Marco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Tocchetti, Carlo Gabriele
2019

Abstract

Anthracyclines are widely used in anticancer protocols, but can induce cardiotoxicity by mechanisms that mainly involve oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. Radiotherapy can also impair cardiac function by promoting myocardial fibrosis, microvascular damage and decreased density of myocardial capillaries. Hence, we aim at investigating prospectively whether radiotherapy impacts heart function in lymphoma patients who had been already treated with anthracyclines. Twenty-nine consecutive patients with Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphomas underwent echocardiography at baseline (before antineoplastic treatments), and then every two months, until 6 months after treatments completion. Echo evaluation included standard 2D and Speckle Tracking. Twenty-two patients treated with anthracycline-based regimens were eligible. Out of the 22 patients, 8 received chemotherapy only (subgroup 1), while 14 underwent radiotherapy after chemotherapy (subgroup 2). At the end of chemotherapy, ejection fraction was significantly reduced in the whole population. At 6 months after completion of therapies, E/E' increased and Global Longitudinal Strain was compromised in subgroup 2, suggesting additional damage induced by radiotherapy after chemotherapy. On the basis of the data from our small prospective study we can hypothesize that in lymphoma patients anthracyclines can worsen cardiac function, and radiotherapy may have an additional unfavorable myocardial impact.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/759710
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