Celiac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the intestinal mucosa due to an immune response to wheat gliadins. Some gliadin peptides (e.g., A-gliadin P57-68) induce an adaptive Th1 pro-inflammatory response. Other gliadin peptides (e.g., A-gliadin P31-43) induce a stress/innate immune response involving interleukin 15 (IL15) and interferon α (IFN-α). In the present study, we describe a stressed/inflamed celiac cellular phenotype in enterocytes and fibroblasts probably due to an alteration in the early-recycling endosomal system. Celiac cells are more sensitive to the gliadin peptide P31-43 and IL15 than controls. This phenotype is reproduced in control cells by inducing a delay in early vesicular trafficking. This constitutive lesion might mediate the stress/innate immune response to gliadin, which can be one of the triggers of the gliadin-specific T-cell response.

Constitutive alterations in vesicular trafficking increase the sensitivity of cells from celiac disease patients to gliadin

Lania, Giuliana;Auricchio, Renata;Porpora, Monia;De Matteis, Maria Antonietta;Discepolo, Valentina;Troncone, Riccardo;Auricchio, Salvatore;Barone, Maria Vittoria
2019

Abstract

Celiac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the intestinal mucosa due to an immune response to wheat gliadins. Some gliadin peptides (e.g., A-gliadin P57-68) induce an adaptive Th1 pro-inflammatory response. Other gliadin peptides (e.g., A-gliadin P31-43) induce a stress/innate immune response involving interleukin 15 (IL15) and interferon α (IFN-α). In the present study, we describe a stressed/inflamed celiac cellular phenotype in enterocytes and fibroblasts probably due to an alteration in the early-recycling endosomal system. Celiac cells are more sensitive to the gliadin peptide P31-43 and IL15 than controls. This phenotype is reproduced in control cells by inducing a delay in early vesicular trafficking. This constitutive lesion might mediate the stress/innate immune response to gliadin, which can be one of the triggers of the gliadin-specific T-cell response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/757961
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