The investigation of bioheat transfer is a difficult issue because it entails a mixture of many mechanisms to take into account, such as thermal conduction in tissues, convection and blood perfusion, metabolic heat generation, vascular structure, changing of tissue properties depending on physiological condition and so on. This topic has a key role to predict accurately the temperature distribution in tissues, especially during biomedical applications. In this paper, different bioheat transfer models are resumed and compared. The biological tissue is modelled as a porous sphere and liver tissue properties are used. Governing equations are averaged over a Representative Elementary Volume (REV) of the living tissue. Transient bioheat equations based on models like, for example, Pennes model, Local Thermal Non-Equilibrium equations (LTNE model), are employed. In the employed equations, radiative heat transfer is also considered. Governing equations with the appropriate boundary conditions are solved with the finite-element code COMSOL Multiphysics®. The effects of hyperthermia on the living tissue are included with a source term in the tissue energy equation. Results are presented in terms of temperature profiles in the biological tissue; the aim is to appreciate differences due to the various bioheat models.

Bioheat transfer in a spherical biological tissue: A comparison among various models

Andreozzi A.;Iasiello M.;
2019

Abstract

The investigation of bioheat transfer is a difficult issue because it entails a mixture of many mechanisms to take into account, such as thermal conduction in tissues, convection and blood perfusion, metabolic heat generation, vascular structure, changing of tissue properties depending on physiological condition and so on. This topic has a key role to predict accurately the temperature distribution in tissues, especially during biomedical applications. In this paper, different bioheat transfer models are resumed and compared. The biological tissue is modelled as a porous sphere and liver tissue properties are used. Governing equations are averaged over a Representative Elementary Volume (REV) of the living tissue. Transient bioheat equations based on models like, for example, Pennes model, Local Thermal Non-Equilibrium equations (LTNE model), are employed. In the employed equations, radiative heat transfer is also considered. Governing equations with the appropriate boundary conditions are solved with the finite-element code COMSOL Multiphysics®. The effects of hyperthermia on the living tissue are included with a source term in the tissue energy equation. Results are presented in terms of temperature profiles in the biological tissue; the aim is to appreciate differences due to the various bioheat models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/756846
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