This work deals with a digital tool to design stable semi-circular masonry arches composed of interlocking blocks which are kept together by interlocking connectors on their faces. These blocks, comparing to conventional blocks, increase the sliding resistance and reduce the workmanship. However, the current digital tools were developed mostly to design arches with conventional blocks. The proposed tool tries to fill this gap by addressing the work in three stages. First, a heuristic method is developed to define the relationships between the geometry of an interlocking face and the sliding resistance. Then, a structural analysis procedure is developed based on limit analysis and a heuristic method to define the stability condition of the arch. Finally, optimization algorithms are developed to find the thinnest arch by means of two minimization strategies dealing with the relationship between the sliding resistance of the blocks and the geometry of the interlocking faces, differently. The algorithms consider some control points on a given thrust line and automatically adjust them to minimize the thickness, while the stability condition checks the structural feasibility during the geometry adjustment. To evaluate the accuracy of the proposed heuristic method, the results obtained with FE analysis are used for comparison.

A digital tool to design structurally feasible semi-circular masonry arches composed of interlocking blocks / Casapulla, C.; Mousavian, E.; Zarghani, M.. - In: COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0045-7949. - 221:(2019), pp. 111-126. [10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.05.001]

A digital tool to design structurally feasible semi-circular masonry arches composed of interlocking blocks

Casapulla C.
;
Mousavian E.;
2019

Abstract

This work deals with a digital tool to design stable semi-circular masonry arches composed of interlocking blocks which are kept together by interlocking connectors on their faces. These blocks, comparing to conventional blocks, increase the sliding resistance and reduce the workmanship. However, the current digital tools were developed mostly to design arches with conventional blocks. The proposed tool tries to fill this gap by addressing the work in three stages. First, a heuristic method is developed to define the relationships between the geometry of an interlocking face and the sliding resistance. Then, a structural analysis procedure is developed based on limit analysis and a heuristic method to define the stability condition of the arch. Finally, optimization algorithms are developed to find the thinnest arch by means of two minimization strategies dealing with the relationship between the sliding resistance of the blocks and the geometry of the interlocking faces, differently. The algorithms consider some control points on a given thrust line and automatically adjust them to minimize the thickness, while the stability condition checks the structural feasibility during the geometry adjustment. To evaluate the accuracy of the proposed heuristic method, the results obtained with FE analysis are used for comparison.
2019
A digital tool to design structurally feasible semi-circular masonry arches composed of interlocking blocks / Casapulla, C.; Mousavian, E.; Zarghani, M.. - In: COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0045-7949. - 221:(2019), pp. 111-126. [10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.05.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/756299
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