Abstract Malaria remains a significant global health burden and a vaccine would make a substantial contribution to malaria control. Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 Modified Vaccinia Ankara Multiple epitope thrombospondin adhesion protein (ME-TRAP) and vaccination has shown significant efficacy against malaria sporozoite challenge in malaria-naive European volunteers and against malaria infection in Kenyan adults. Infants are the target age group for malaria vaccination; however, no studies have yet assessed T-cell responses in children and infants. We enrolled 138 Gambian and Burkinabe children in four different age-groups: 2-6 years old in The Gambia; 5-17 months old in Burkina Faso; 5-12 months old, and also 10 weeks old, in The Gambia; and evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 Modified Vaccinia Ankara ME-TRAP heterologous prime-boost immunization. The vaccines were well tolerated in all age groups with no vaccine-related serious adverse events. T-cell responses to vaccination peaked 7 days after boosting with Modified Vaccinia Ankara, with T-cell responses highest in 10 week-old infants. Heterologous prime-boost immunization with Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 and Modified Vaccinia Ankara ME-TRAP was well tolerated in infants and children, inducing strong T-cell responses. We identify an approach that induces potent T-cell responses in infants, which may be useful for preventing other infectious diseases requiring cellular immunity.

Safety and Immunogenicity of ChAd63 and MVA ME-TRAP in West African Children and Infants / Afolabi, Mo; Tiono, Ab; Adetifa, Uj; Yaro, Jb; Drammeh, A; Nébié, I; Bliss, C; Hodgson, Sh; Anagnostou, Na; Sanou, Gs; Jagne, Yj; Ouedraogo, O; Tamara, C; Ouedraogo, N; Ouedraogo, M; Njie-Jobe, J; Diarra, A; Duncan, Cj; Cortese, R; Nicosia, A; Roberts, R; Viebig, Nk; Leroy, O; Lawrie, Am; Flanagan, Kl; Kampman, B; Bejon, P; Imoukhuede, Eb; Ewer, Kj; Hill, Av; Bojang, K; Sirima, Sb. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0024. - 24:(2016), pp. 1470-1477. [10.1038/mt.2016.83]

Safety and Immunogenicity of ChAd63 and MVA ME-TRAP in West African Children and Infants

Tamara C;Cortese R;Nicosia A;
2016

Abstract

Abstract Malaria remains a significant global health burden and a vaccine would make a substantial contribution to malaria control. Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 Modified Vaccinia Ankara Multiple epitope thrombospondin adhesion protein (ME-TRAP) and vaccination has shown significant efficacy against malaria sporozoite challenge in malaria-naive European volunteers and against malaria infection in Kenyan adults. Infants are the target age group for malaria vaccination; however, no studies have yet assessed T-cell responses in children and infants. We enrolled 138 Gambian and Burkinabe children in four different age-groups: 2-6 years old in The Gambia; 5-17 months old in Burkina Faso; 5-12 months old, and also 10 weeks old, in The Gambia; and evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 Modified Vaccinia Ankara ME-TRAP heterologous prime-boost immunization. The vaccines were well tolerated in all age groups with no vaccine-related serious adverse events. T-cell responses to vaccination peaked 7 days after boosting with Modified Vaccinia Ankara, with T-cell responses highest in 10 week-old infants. Heterologous prime-boost immunization with Chimpanzee Adenovirus 63 and Modified Vaccinia Ankara ME-TRAP was well tolerated in infants and children, inducing strong T-cell responses. We identify an approach that induces potent T-cell responses in infants, which may be useful for preventing other infectious diseases requiring cellular immunity.
2016
Safety and Immunogenicity of ChAd63 and MVA ME-TRAP in West African Children and Infants / Afolabi, Mo; Tiono, Ab; Adetifa, Uj; Yaro, Jb; Drammeh, A; Nébié, I; Bliss, C; Hodgson, Sh; Anagnostou, Na; Sanou, Gs; Jagne, Yj; Ouedraogo, O; Tamara, C; Ouedraogo, N; Ouedraogo, M; Njie-Jobe, J; Diarra, A; Duncan, Cj; Cortese, R; Nicosia, A; Roberts, R; Viebig, Nk; Leroy, O; Lawrie, Am; Flanagan, Kl; Kampman, B; Bejon, P; Imoukhuede, Eb; Ewer, Kj; Hill, Av; Bojang, K; Sirima, Sb. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0024. - 24:(2016), pp. 1470-1477. [10.1038/mt.2016.83]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/746615
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 43
social impact