In Italy despite the increasing use of donkeys in leisure activities, onotherapy and milk production, there are no epidemiological data regarding the parasites affecting this species. A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the principal endoparasitic infections in 50 donkey farms. Between March 2012-2015, faecal samples were collected from 961 donkeys and examined individually using a modified McMaster technique. In addition a centrifugation/flotation technique (Proudman test) and a sedimentation technique were used for the diagnosis of Anoplocephalidae and Fasciola hepatica eggs, respectively. On each farm pooled coprocoltures were made. Strongyles were the most common parasitic species found, with a prevalence of 88.5%. 11.4% of donkeys were not infected and infection intensity was lower than the donkey cut-off selective therapy of 300 eggs per gram (epg) in 33.4% of animals. The other epg values were 300–500 in 14.3%, 501–1,000 in 26.0%, 1,001-2,000 in 12.8% and > 2,000 in 2.1% of donkeys. In all tested farms, coprocoltures revealed the presence of Cyathostomes (100%) followed by Strongylus vulgaris in 13 farms (26%), Poteriostomum spp. (24%), Triodontophorus spp. (6%) and S. edentatus (4%). Other parasites found in studied donkeys were: Oxyuris equi (7.8%), Dictyocaulus arnfieldi (4.4%), Parascaris equorum (2.8%), Anoplocephala perfoliata (1.1%) Eimeria leuckarti (0.6%) and Strongyloides westeri (0.1%). No positivity was detected for F. hepatica. This study represents the first large-scale survey in Italy and added data to the parasitological scenario of donkey population.

A coprological survey of the principal endoparasitic infections in donkeys in Italy.

Veneziano V
;
Buono F;Pacifico L;
2015

Abstract

In Italy despite the increasing use of donkeys in leisure activities, onotherapy and milk production, there are no epidemiological data regarding the parasites affecting this species. A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the principal endoparasitic infections in 50 donkey farms. Between March 2012-2015, faecal samples were collected from 961 donkeys and examined individually using a modified McMaster technique. In addition a centrifugation/flotation technique (Proudman test) and a sedimentation technique were used for the diagnosis of Anoplocephalidae and Fasciola hepatica eggs, respectively. On each farm pooled coprocoltures were made. Strongyles were the most common parasitic species found, with a prevalence of 88.5%. 11.4% of donkeys were not infected and infection intensity was lower than the donkey cut-off selective therapy of 300 eggs per gram (epg) in 33.4% of animals. The other epg values were 300–500 in 14.3%, 501–1,000 in 26.0%, 1,001-2,000 in 12.8% and > 2,000 in 2.1% of donkeys. In all tested farms, coprocoltures revealed the presence of Cyathostomes (100%) followed by Strongylus vulgaris in 13 farms (26%), Poteriostomum spp. (24%), Triodontophorus spp. (6%) and S. edentatus (4%). Other parasites found in studied donkeys were: Oxyuris equi (7.8%), Dictyocaulus arnfieldi (4.4%), Parascaris equorum (2.8%), Anoplocephala perfoliata (1.1%) Eimeria leuckarti (0.6%) and Strongyloides westeri (0.1%). No positivity was detected for F. hepatica. This study represents the first large-scale survey in Italy and added data to the parasitological scenario of donkey population.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/745990
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact