In Italy, to show the willingness to donate one's organs, there is the principle of the explicit consensus (or disagreement) (Law n. 91 of the 01.04.1999, Art. 23; Decree of the Italian Health Ministry of the 08.04.2000). According to data of the Italian Association for the donation of organs, tissues and cells (AIDO), in 2017 in Campania Region (Southern Italy) an average of 12.5 people x1,000,000 donated their organs vs. a national average of 23.7. This negative discrepancy between national and regional data highlights that it is imperative to promote awareness-raising measures to address to the population of Campania Region in order to improve the following of a practice which is still object of preconceptions and scarce knowledge. This paper describes a pilot project started in 2017 by the "Sportello amico trapianti" (friendly access to transplantation) to promote the donation of organs within the university-hospital "Federico II" (Naples, Campania Region). The first phase of this project was based on the nudge theory, that is the "little push" to direct decisional processes of groups and individuals. This phase took place during the "Atelier della salute" (a health workshop), organized by the Medicine and Surgery school of the university-hospital "Federico II": here, a questionnaire was administered to 60 people. The questionnaire consisted in 12 questions, answered by volunteers, which aim was to test the general knowledge about organ donation and transplantation. Analysing the answers, a panel of 7 experts (2 epidemiologists, 1 social worker, 2 experts in public and institutional communication, 1 biologist expert in donation of haematopoietic progenitor cell, 1 transplant surgeon), responsible for the coordination and monitoring of the activities, identified the critical elements to bring attention to in order to raise awareness in the population. The second phase consisted in a literary workshop which aim was to identify nudge cases. The text used was Never let me go by Kazuo Ishiguro, a novel focused on organ donation in a dystopic context where the protagonists are clones created to facilitate the donation of organs. Six students participated in this workshop: all six considered the dystopic scenario as a potential nudge to humanize the approach to organ donation and transplant. In conclusion, we believe that the nudge methodology may be used in order to improve awareness and adherence to donation of organs.

[Organ donation and transplantation: the "friendly access initiative" in the Federico II Hospital (Naples), between nudging and narrative medicine]

De Pascale, Teresa;Alfano, Rossella;CARANNANTE, ILARIA;Schiavone, Daniela;GENTILE, LAURA;Castrianni, Davide;D'Onofrio, Gaetano;BUONOCORE, GAETANO;Santangelo, Michele;Triassi, Maria;Rubba, Fabiana
2018

Abstract

In Italy, to show the willingness to donate one's organs, there is the principle of the explicit consensus (or disagreement) (Law n. 91 of the 01.04.1999, Art. 23; Decree of the Italian Health Ministry of the 08.04.2000). According to data of the Italian Association for the donation of organs, tissues and cells (AIDO), in 2017 in Campania Region (Southern Italy) an average of 12.5 people x1,000,000 donated their organs vs. a national average of 23.7. This negative discrepancy between national and regional data highlights that it is imperative to promote awareness-raising measures to address to the population of Campania Region in order to improve the following of a practice which is still object of preconceptions and scarce knowledge. This paper describes a pilot project started in 2017 by the "Sportello amico trapianti" (friendly access to transplantation) to promote the donation of organs within the university-hospital "Federico II" (Naples, Campania Region). The first phase of this project was based on the nudge theory, that is the "little push" to direct decisional processes of groups and individuals. This phase took place during the "Atelier della salute" (a health workshop), organized by the Medicine and Surgery school of the university-hospital "Federico II": here, a questionnaire was administered to 60 people. The questionnaire consisted in 12 questions, answered by volunteers, which aim was to test the general knowledge about organ donation and transplantation. Analysing the answers, a panel of 7 experts (2 epidemiologists, 1 social worker, 2 experts in public and institutional communication, 1 biologist expert in donation of haematopoietic progenitor cell, 1 transplant surgeon), responsible for the coordination and monitoring of the activities, identified the critical elements to bring attention to in order to raise awareness in the population. The second phase consisted in a literary workshop which aim was to identify nudge cases. The text used was Never let me go by Kazuo Ishiguro, a novel focused on organ donation in a dystopic context where the protagonists are clones created to facilitate the donation of organs. Six students participated in this workshop: all six considered the dystopic scenario as a potential nudge to humanize the approach to organ donation and transplant. In conclusion, we believe that the nudge methodology may be used in order to improve awareness and adherence to donation of organs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/740329
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