Purpose of review: Non-diabetic hyperglycemia (NDHY) is a pathological condition that is not yet well known. The aim of this review is to examine approaches for management of this condition. Recent findings: While it is well known that persistent hyperglycemia in diabetes affects immune response and risk for diabetes-related micro- and macrovascular complications, little is known about the biological effects of transient NDHY, particularly in the pediatric age group. Summary: Stress HY (SHY) is typically defined as blood glucose > 8.33 mmol/L (150 mg/dL) during physical stress, resolving spontaneously after dissipation of acute illness in patients without known diabetes. Based on the literature and clinical practice, two situations can be classified: (1) SHY1, which occurs during severe and prolonged illness and under serious life-threatening conditions, mainly in emergency situations and in resuscitation areas; and (2) SHY2, which occurs during acute illness, mainly in non-life-threatening conditions. Furthermore, (NDHY) among pediatric patients can be induced by drugs; the most frequent conditions are secondary to (1) steroid therapy and (2) antineoplastic/immunosuppressive therapy

Non-Diabetic Hyperglycemia in the Pediatric Age: Why, How, and When to Treat?

Fattorusso, Valentina;Nugnes, Rosa;Casertano, Alberto;Valerio, Giuliana;Mozzillo, Enza;Franzese, Adriana
2018

Abstract

Purpose of review: Non-diabetic hyperglycemia (NDHY) is a pathological condition that is not yet well known. The aim of this review is to examine approaches for management of this condition. Recent findings: While it is well known that persistent hyperglycemia in diabetes affects immune response and risk for diabetes-related micro- and macrovascular complications, little is known about the biological effects of transient NDHY, particularly in the pediatric age group. Summary: Stress HY (SHY) is typically defined as blood glucose > 8.33 mmol/L (150 mg/dL) during physical stress, resolving spontaneously after dissipation of acute illness in patients without known diabetes. Based on the literature and clinical practice, two situations can be classified: (1) SHY1, which occurs during severe and prolonged illness and under serious life-threatening conditions, mainly in emergency situations and in resuscitation areas; and (2) SHY2, which occurs during acute illness, mainly in non-life-threatening conditions. Furthermore, (NDHY) among pediatric patients can be induced by drugs; the most frequent conditions are secondary to (1) steroid therapy and (2) antineoplastic/immunosuppressive therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/739349
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