In the last years, guidelines for the treatment of hypertension recommended individualized blood pressure goals for geriatric population because of elderly susceptibility to adverse outcomes and higher mortality rate deriving from the excessive blood pressure lowering, especially in "frail" elderly. Recent findings from the SPRINT study, which demonstrated that intensive blood pressure lowering was associated with lower rates of cardiovascular events and mortality in both hypertensive fit and frail elderly subjects compared to standard treatment, heavily influenced the recent US guidelines. In SPRINT sub-study analysis of adults aged ≥75 years, the most controversial issue appears the method of blood pressure measurement, the selection of patients and related-frailty degree that appears to be very light. Accordingly, it has been described that light frailty is related to good outcomes in older adults. SPRINT findings in "frail elderly patients" cannot be applied to the clinical practice because this condition has been clearly under-estimated. Thus, frailty status should be routinely and correctly quantified in order to identify the frailty degree and to find the best harms-benefits balance of antihypertensive drug treatment in frail older adults.

Impact of SPRINT results on hypertension guidelines: implications for “frail” elderly patients

Liguori I;Aran L;Bulli G;Cacciatore F;Bonaduce D;Abete P
2018

Abstract

In the last years, guidelines for the treatment of hypertension recommended individualized blood pressure goals for geriatric population because of elderly susceptibility to adverse outcomes and higher mortality rate deriving from the excessive blood pressure lowering, especially in "frail" elderly. Recent findings from the SPRINT study, which demonstrated that intensive blood pressure lowering was associated with lower rates of cardiovascular events and mortality in both hypertensive fit and frail elderly subjects compared to standard treatment, heavily influenced the recent US guidelines. In SPRINT sub-study analysis of adults aged ≥75 years, the most controversial issue appears the method of blood pressure measurement, the selection of patients and related-frailty degree that appears to be very light. Accordingly, it has been described that light frailty is related to good outcomes in older adults. SPRINT findings in "frail elderly patients" cannot be applied to the clinical practice because this condition has been clearly under-estimated. Thus, frailty status should be routinely and correctly quantified in order to identify the frailty degree and to find the best harms-benefits balance of antihypertensive drug treatment in frail older adults.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/738119
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