The present DEMO breeding blanked design heat load capability is limited to ≈1 MW/m2 for steady state plasma loading, due to the specific requirements on high neutron irradiation capable materials, and high coolant temperature for efficient energy conversion. While this limit is achievable in nominal conditions in the present DEMO blanket concept designs, the greatest challenges arise from the occurrence of plasma transients. The results of simulations of a number of plasma transients are presented in this paper. 3D field-line tracing codes have been used to analyses the maximum heat flux and energy density for a specific first wall shape design, and optimize it. A scoping study has been performed with the thermal analysis code RACLETTE, using a broad range of transient input heat fluxes, on a series of high heat flux (HF) components concepts with tungsten armor, Eurofer steel or copper alloy as heat sink materials, and helium or water as coolant. The results permit the identification of the operational space of the peak HF density that can be tolerated by different plasma facing components, for the different transient models.

Wall protection strategies for DEMO plasma transients / Maviglia, F.; Albanese, R.; Ambrosino, R.; Arter, W.; Bachmann, C.; Barrett, T.; Federici, G.; Firdaous, M.; Gerardin, J.; Kovari, M.; Loschiavo, V.; Mattei, M.; Villone, F.; Wenninger, R.. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - 136:(2018), pp. 410-414. [10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.02.064]

Wall protection strategies for DEMO plasma transients

Maviglia, F.;Albanese, R.;Ambrosino, R.;Loschiavo, V.;Mattei, M.;Villone, F.;
2018

Abstract

The present DEMO breeding blanked design heat load capability is limited to ≈1 MW/m2 for steady state plasma loading, due to the specific requirements on high neutron irradiation capable materials, and high coolant temperature for efficient energy conversion. While this limit is achievable in nominal conditions in the present DEMO blanket concept designs, the greatest challenges arise from the occurrence of plasma transients. The results of simulations of a number of plasma transients are presented in this paper. 3D field-line tracing codes have been used to analyses the maximum heat flux and energy density for a specific first wall shape design, and optimize it. A scoping study has been performed with the thermal analysis code RACLETTE, using a broad range of transient input heat fluxes, on a series of high heat flux (HF) components concepts with tungsten armor, Eurofer steel or copper alloy as heat sink materials, and helium or water as coolant. The results permit the identification of the operational space of the peak HF density that can be tolerated by different plasma facing components, for the different transient models.
2018
Wall protection strategies for DEMO plasma transients / Maviglia, F.; Albanese, R.; Ambrosino, R.; Arter, W.; Bachmann, C.; Barrett, T.; Federici, G.; Firdaous, M.; Gerardin, J.; Kovari, M.; Loschiavo, V.; Mattei, M.; Villone, F.; Wenninger, R.. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - 136:(2018), pp. 410-414. [10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.02.064]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/726686
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