PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to quantitatively assess biofilm growth on the surface of bone cements discs containing different antibiotics, including colistin and linezolid. Biofilms of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus epidermidis were grown on bone cement discs for 96 h. METHODS: Biofilm amounts were measured by confocal laser microscopy using live/dead staining and dedicated software at different time intervals (48, 72, and 96 h). RESULTS: Bone cement containing vancomycin was not effective at reducing MRSA biofilm formation 96 h following bacterial inoculation. At a comparable time interval, linezolid-, clindamycin-, and aminoglycoside-loaded cement was still active against this biofilm. At the 72- and 96-h observations, S. epidermidis biofilm was present only on tobramycin and gentamicin discs. P. aeruginosa biofilms were present on cement discs loaded with colistin at all time intervals starting from the 48-h observation, whereas no biofilms were detected on tobramycin or gentamicin discs. CONCLUSION: Bone cements containing different antibiotics have variable and time-dependent windows of activity in inhibiting or reducing surface biofilm formation. The effectiveness of bone cement containing vancomycin against MRSA biofilm is questionable. The present study is clinically relevant, because it suggests that adding the right antibiotic to bone cement could be a promising approach to treat periprosthetic infections. Indeed, the antibiofilm activity of different antibiotic-loaded bone cements could be preoperatively assessed using the current methodology in two-stage exchange procedures.

Bacterial biofilm formation is variably inhibited by different formulations of antibiotic-loaded bone cement in vitro

Balato, Giovanni;Roscetto, Emanuela;Vollaro, Adriana;Catania, Maria Rosaria;Mariconda, Massimo
2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to quantitatively assess biofilm growth on the surface of bone cements discs containing different antibiotics, including colistin and linezolid. Biofilms of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus epidermidis were grown on bone cement discs for 96 h. METHODS: Biofilm amounts were measured by confocal laser microscopy using live/dead staining and dedicated software at different time intervals (48, 72, and 96 h). RESULTS: Bone cement containing vancomycin was not effective at reducing MRSA biofilm formation 96 h following bacterial inoculation. At a comparable time interval, linezolid-, clindamycin-, and aminoglycoside-loaded cement was still active against this biofilm. At the 72- and 96-h observations, S. epidermidis biofilm was present only on tobramycin and gentamicin discs. P. aeruginosa biofilms were present on cement discs loaded with colistin at all time intervals starting from the 48-h observation, whereas no biofilms were detected on tobramycin or gentamicin discs. CONCLUSION: Bone cements containing different antibiotics have variable and time-dependent windows of activity in inhibiting or reducing surface biofilm formation. The effectiveness of bone cement containing vancomycin against MRSA biofilm is questionable. The present study is clinically relevant, because it suggests that adding the right antibiotic to bone cement could be a promising approach to treat periprosthetic infections. Indeed, the antibiofilm activity of different antibiotic-loaded bone cements could be preoperatively assessed using the current methodology in two-stage exchange procedures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/724916
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