Cadmium represents one of the most toxic pollutants in plant ecosystems: at high concentrations it can cause severe effects, such as plant growth inhibition, decrease in photosynthesis and changes in plant basal metabolism. Changes in pigments’ content, RubisCO large subunit, and D1 protein indicated a severe reduction in photosynthetic efficiency. Furthermore, the decrease of nitrate reductase activity and changes in free amino acids levels show a general stress condition of nitrogen assimilation. Cadmium increased the activities of ROS scavenging enzymes; among these, ascorbate peroxidase rate was the most noticeably increased. It is worth noting that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH; EC 1.1.1.64), showed changes in both activities and occurrence during cadmium stress. Interestingly, our data suggest that G6PDH would modulate redox homeostasis under metal exposure, and possibly satisfy the increased request of reductants to counteract the oxidative burst induced by cadmium. Therefore, the results suggest that APX and G6PDH may play a pivotal role to counteract the oxidative stress induced by cadmium in young barley plants.

Early responses to cadmium exposure in barley plants: effects on biometric and physiological parameters / Lentini, Marco; DE LILLO, Alessia; Paradisone, Valeria; Liberti, Daniela; Landi, Simone; Esposito, Sergio. - In: ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM. - ISSN 0137-5881. - 40:10(2018). [10.1007/s11738-018-2752-2]

Early responses to cadmium exposure in barley plants: effects on biometric and physiological parameters

Marco Lentini;Alessia De Lillo;Valeria Paradisone;LIBERTI, DANIELA;Simone Landi;Sergio Esposito
2018

Abstract

Cadmium represents one of the most toxic pollutants in plant ecosystems: at high concentrations it can cause severe effects, such as plant growth inhibition, decrease in photosynthesis and changes in plant basal metabolism. Changes in pigments’ content, RubisCO large subunit, and D1 protein indicated a severe reduction in photosynthetic efficiency. Furthermore, the decrease of nitrate reductase activity and changes in free amino acids levels show a general stress condition of nitrogen assimilation. Cadmium increased the activities of ROS scavenging enzymes; among these, ascorbate peroxidase rate was the most noticeably increased. It is worth noting that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH; EC 1.1.1.64), showed changes in both activities and occurrence during cadmium stress. Interestingly, our data suggest that G6PDH would modulate redox homeostasis under metal exposure, and possibly satisfy the increased request of reductants to counteract the oxidative burst induced by cadmium. Therefore, the results suggest that APX and G6PDH may play a pivotal role to counteract the oxidative stress induced by cadmium in young barley plants.
2018
Early responses to cadmium exposure in barley plants: effects on biometric and physiological parameters / Lentini, Marco; DE LILLO, Alessia; Paradisone, Valeria; Liberti, Daniela; Landi, Simone; Esposito, Sergio. - In: ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM. - ISSN 0137-5881. - 40:10(2018). [10.1007/s11738-018-2752-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/723794
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