Indole is one of the most common heterocyclic scaffolds available in nature. It occurs in several natural compounds, including alkaloids, plant hormones, flower scents and dyes.1 Despite the structural simplicity of this molecule, indole oxidation commonly results in the formation of a large number of products, including the 2- or 3-oxygenated compounds, di-oxygenated and more complex molecules. For this reason, indole oxidation has become a widespread model reaction to test the efficacy of both biological catalysts2,3 and their synthetic analogues.4,5 Most of the catalysts examined so far gave poor selectivity toward any of the oxidation products.2-5 Here we present the results concerning oxidation of indole and its derivatives catalyzed by Mn-Mimochrome VI*a (Mn-MC6*a). Mn-MC6*a is a synthetic peptide-porphyrin conjugate conceived to act as a miniaturized heme-protein model.6 Mn-MC6*a is able to oxidize indole under unprecedented site-selective conditions, yielding to 3-oxindolenine as single product. Additionally, the reaction selectivity is dramatically altered when 1- or 3-methyl-substituted indoles are used as substrates. The formation and isolation of the reactive 3-oxindolenine is highly important, since it is believed to represent a useful synthon in organic synthesis. Accordingly, the exploitation of its reactivity with nucleophiles, in order to provide one pot transformations, is currently ongoing, with the aim to further increase the synthetic potential of our catalyst. 1. Burton, T.C. in Heterocyclic scaffolds II: Reactions and applications of indoles; Gribble, G.W., Ed.; Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2011. 2. Kuo, H. H. and Mauk, A. G.; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2012, 109, 13966–13971. 3. Barrios, D. A. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 7914-7925. 4. Linhares, M. et al. Appl. Catal. A. 2014, 470, 427–433. 5. Poon L. C.-H. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 1877–1884. 6. Caserta, G. et al. ChemBioChem 2018 (doi: 10.1002/cbic.201800200)

A biomimetic metalloporphyrin catalyzes indole oxidation with high selectivity

Linda Leone
;
Daniele D’Alonzo;Marco Chino;Ornella Maglio;Flavia Nastri;Vincenzo Pavone;Angela Lombardi
2018

Abstract

Indole is one of the most common heterocyclic scaffolds available in nature. It occurs in several natural compounds, including alkaloids, plant hormones, flower scents and dyes.1 Despite the structural simplicity of this molecule, indole oxidation commonly results in the formation of a large number of products, including the 2- or 3-oxygenated compounds, di-oxygenated and more complex molecules. For this reason, indole oxidation has become a widespread model reaction to test the efficacy of both biological catalysts2,3 and their synthetic analogues.4,5 Most of the catalysts examined so far gave poor selectivity toward any of the oxidation products.2-5 Here we present the results concerning oxidation of indole and its derivatives catalyzed by Mn-Mimochrome VI*a (Mn-MC6*a). Mn-MC6*a is a synthetic peptide-porphyrin conjugate conceived to act as a miniaturized heme-protein model.6 Mn-MC6*a is able to oxidize indole under unprecedented site-selective conditions, yielding to 3-oxindolenine as single product. Additionally, the reaction selectivity is dramatically altered when 1- or 3-methyl-substituted indoles are used as substrates. The formation and isolation of the reactive 3-oxindolenine is highly important, since it is believed to represent a useful synthon in organic synthesis. Accordingly, the exploitation of its reactivity with nucleophiles, in order to provide one pot transformations, is currently ongoing, with the aim to further increase the synthetic potential of our catalyst. 1. Burton, T.C. in Heterocyclic scaffolds II: Reactions and applications of indoles; Gribble, G.W., Ed.; Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2011. 2. Kuo, H. H. and Mauk, A. G.; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2012, 109, 13966–13971. 3. Barrios, D. A. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 7914-7925. 4. Linhares, M. et al. Appl. Catal. A. 2014, 470, 427–433. 5. Poon L. C.-H. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 1877–1884. 6. Caserta, G. et al. ChemBioChem 2018 (doi: 10.1002/cbic.201800200)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Linda Leone abstract IASOC.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Abstract IASOC 2018
Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.14 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/723414
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact