This research aims to deepen knowledge on geomaterials used in building operations of a very important monumental complex belonging to the "Porta Mediana" necropolis the archeological site of Cuma. The entire site counts 70 mausoleums among which, the one named "Sphinx complex" or A63, is particularly important. For its realization several geomaterials have been used. Analytical results were carried out from several techniques such as optical microscopy, microchemical and mineralogical-petrographical analysis, scanning electron microscopy with EDS and X-ray powder diffraction. This approach allows to clarify the provenance of natural geomaterials and also the technological processes involved in the production of artificial geomaterials (mortars, plasters, cocciopesto). Phlegrean tuffs, due to their easy workability and good mechanical features, were used mainly for masonries and for decorative function (a bas-relief of a "sphinx" for example). As far as artificial geomaterials are concerned, the use of a volcanic aggregate, was privileged too. Some examples of imported stones were also found: limestones and marbles, the first one implemented as a building material for cippi of the fence while the second one for prestigious coating elements. Results permitted to evaluate building techniques of the period and mainly the wide potential of Phlegrean fields' materials when used as a bulding stone. This research aims also to give important informations for restoring and conservative actions useful for mausoleums of the entire site.

TECHNOLOGY AND BUILDING MATERIALS IN ROMAN AGE (1st BC - 2nd AD): THE “MAUSOLEO DELLA SFINGE” FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF CUMA (ITALY) / Graziano, SOSSIO FABIO; DI BENEDETTO, Claudia; Guarino, Vincenza; Rispoli, Concetta; Munzi, Priscilla; Cappelletti, Piergiulio; Morra, Vincenzo. - In: MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY. INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL. - ISSN 2241-8121. - 18:5(2018), pp. 81-94. [10.5281/zenodo.1256057]

TECHNOLOGY AND BUILDING MATERIALS IN ROMAN AGE (1st BC - 2nd AD): THE “MAUSOLEO DELLA SFINGE” FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF CUMA (ITALY)

Sossio Fabio Graziano
Primo
;
Claudia Di Benedetto;Vincenza Guarino;Concetta Rispoli;Piergiulio Cappelletti;Vincenzo Morra
2018

Abstract

This research aims to deepen knowledge on geomaterials used in building operations of a very important monumental complex belonging to the "Porta Mediana" necropolis the archeological site of Cuma. The entire site counts 70 mausoleums among which, the one named "Sphinx complex" or A63, is particularly important. For its realization several geomaterials have been used. Analytical results were carried out from several techniques such as optical microscopy, microchemical and mineralogical-petrographical analysis, scanning electron microscopy with EDS and X-ray powder diffraction. This approach allows to clarify the provenance of natural geomaterials and also the technological processes involved in the production of artificial geomaterials (mortars, plasters, cocciopesto). Phlegrean tuffs, due to their easy workability and good mechanical features, were used mainly for masonries and for decorative function (a bas-relief of a "sphinx" for example). As far as artificial geomaterials are concerned, the use of a volcanic aggregate, was privileged too. Some examples of imported stones were also found: limestones and marbles, the first one implemented as a building material for cippi of the fence while the second one for prestigious coating elements. Results permitted to evaluate building techniques of the period and mainly the wide potential of Phlegrean fields' materials when used as a bulding stone. This research aims also to give important informations for restoring and conservative actions useful for mausoleums of the entire site.
2018
TECHNOLOGY AND BUILDING MATERIALS IN ROMAN AGE (1st BC - 2nd AD): THE “MAUSOLEO DELLA SFINGE” FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF CUMA (ITALY) / Graziano, SOSSIO FABIO; DI BENEDETTO, Claudia; Guarino, Vincenza; Rispoli, Concetta; Munzi, Priscilla; Cappelletti, Piergiulio; Morra, Vincenzo. - In: MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY. INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL. - ISSN 2241-8121. - 18:5(2018), pp. 81-94. [10.5281/zenodo.1256057]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
32 - A63_Graziano_MAA.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.81 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.81 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/720759
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact